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Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade

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Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade. / Language and Reading Research Consortium; Jiang, Hui; Logan, Jessica et al.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 61, 17.04.2018, p. 910-923.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Language and Reading Research Consortium, Jiang, H, Logan, J & Jia, R 2018, 'Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade', Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, vol. 61, pp. 910-923. https://doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0090

APA

Language and Reading Research Consortium, Jiang, H., Logan, J., & Jia, R. (2018). Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61, 910-923. https://doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0090

Vancouver

Language and Reading Research Consortium, Jiang H, Logan J, Jia R. Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2018 Apr 17;61:910-923. doi: 10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0090

Author

Language and Reading Research Consortium ; Jiang, Hui ; Logan, Jessica et al. / Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2018 ; Vol. 61. pp. 910-923.

Bibtex

@article{3adcbceef0724ae6b455ecc2893d52a0,
title = "Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade",
abstract = "Purpose. This study investigated the longitudinal development of two important contributors to reading comprehension, grammar and vocabulary skills. The primary interest was to examine the trajectories of the two skill areas from preschool to third grade. Methods. The study involved a longitudinal sample of 420 children from four sites. Language skills including grammar and vocabulary were assessed annually with multiple measures. Multivariate latent growth curve modeling was used to examine the developmental trajectories of grammar and vocabulary, to test the correlation between the two domains, and to investigate the effects of demographic predictors on language growth. Results. Results showed that both grammar and vocabulary exhibited decelerating growth from preschool to grade 2. In grade 3 grammar growth further flattened while vocabulary continued to grow stably. Growth of vocabulary and grammar were positively correlated. Demographic characteristics such as child gender and family socioeconomic status were found to predict the intercept but not the slope of the growth trajectories.Conclusions. Children{\textquoteright}s growth in grammar skills is differentiated in a number of important ways from their growth in vocabulary skills. Results of this study suggest the need to differentiate these dimensions of language when seeking to closely examine growth from preschool to primary grades. ",
author = "Kate Cain and {Language and Reading Research Consortium} and Hui Jiang and Jessica Logan and Rongfang Jia",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
day = "17",
doi = "10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0090",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "910--923",
journal = "Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research",
issn = "1092-4388",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling the nature of grammar and vocabulary trajectories from pre-kindergarten to third grade

AU - Cain, Kate

AU - Language and Reading Research Consortium

AU - Jiang, Hui

AU - Logan, Jessica

AU - Jia, Rongfang

PY - 2018/4/17

Y1 - 2018/4/17

N2 - Purpose. This study investigated the longitudinal development of two important contributors to reading comprehension, grammar and vocabulary skills. The primary interest was to examine the trajectories of the two skill areas from preschool to third grade. Methods. The study involved a longitudinal sample of 420 children from four sites. Language skills including grammar and vocabulary were assessed annually with multiple measures. Multivariate latent growth curve modeling was used to examine the developmental trajectories of grammar and vocabulary, to test the correlation between the two domains, and to investigate the effects of demographic predictors on language growth. Results. Results showed that both grammar and vocabulary exhibited decelerating growth from preschool to grade 2. In grade 3 grammar growth further flattened while vocabulary continued to grow stably. Growth of vocabulary and grammar were positively correlated. Demographic characteristics such as child gender and family socioeconomic status were found to predict the intercept but not the slope of the growth trajectories.Conclusions. Children’s growth in grammar skills is differentiated in a number of important ways from their growth in vocabulary skills. Results of this study suggest the need to differentiate these dimensions of language when seeking to closely examine growth from preschool to primary grades.

AB - Purpose. This study investigated the longitudinal development of two important contributors to reading comprehension, grammar and vocabulary skills. The primary interest was to examine the trajectories of the two skill areas from preschool to third grade. Methods. The study involved a longitudinal sample of 420 children from four sites. Language skills including grammar and vocabulary were assessed annually with multiple measures. Multivariate latent growth curve modeling was used to examine the developmental trajectories of grammar and vocabulary, to test the correlation between the two domains, and to investigate the effects of demographic predictors on language growth. Results. Results showed that both grammar and vocabulary exhibited decelerating growth from preschool to grade 2. In grade 3 grammar growth further flattened while vocabulary continued to grow stably. Growth of vocabulary and grammar were positively correlated. Demographic characteristics such as child gender and family socioeconomic status were found to predict the intercept but not the slope of the growth trajectories.Conclusions. Children’s growth in grammar skills is differentiated in a number of important ways from their growth in vocabulary skills. Results of this study suggest the need to differentiate these dimensions of language when seeking to closely examine growth from preschool to primary grades.

U2 - 10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0090

DO - 10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-17-0090

M3 - Journal article

VL - 61

SP - 910

EP - 923

JO - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

JF - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

SN - 1092-4388

ER -