Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Modelling stress relaxation after hot deformation

Associated organisational unit


Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Modelling stress relaxation after hot deformation: Microstructure-property relationships in Nb-bearing steels

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Article number103219
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/04/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Plasticity
Number of pages18
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date18/01/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Stress relaxation taking place after hot deformation is modelled by incorporating the simultaneous action of various physical phenomena. Dislocation recovery, recrystallization, and precipitation are all interrelated adopting new formulations. Dislocation recovery is approached through a vacancy-mediated dislocation climb approach. Recrystallization is considered to be meta-dynamic or static, and the effects of precipitate pinning and (interstitial and substitutional) solute drag are incorporated. The kinetics of precipitation nucleation, growth, and coarsening are also taken into account; precipitate nucleation in dislocation cells is assumed and thus the dislocation cell evolution is accounted for. The softening behaviour is thus tracked for 6 microalloyed steel grades and compared with 37 softening curves for a range of temperatures and prior deformation rates; the modelling describes the experiments with great accuracy. The application of the approach to additive manufacturing microstructural relaxation is discussed.