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Molecular modeling, multinuclear NMR, and diffraction studies in the templated synthesis and characterization of the aluminophosphate molecular sieve STA-2

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Maria Castro
  • Valerie R. Seymour
  • Diego Carnevale
  • John M. Griffin
  • Sharon E. Ashbrook
  • Paul A. Wright
  • David C. Apperley
  • Julia E. Parker
  • Stephen P. Thompson
  • Antoine Fecant
  • Nicolas Bats
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>29/07/2010
<mark>Journal</mark>The Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number29
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)12698-12710
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date6/07/10
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Molecular modeling has been used to assist in the design of a new structure directing agent (SDA) for the synthesis of the AlPO(4) form of STA-2, bis-cliazabicyclooctane-butane (BDAB). This is incorporated as a divalent cation within the large cages of STA-2, as determined via a combination of solid-state (13)C and (15)N MAS NMR, supported by (14)N and (1)H-(15)N HMQC solution NMR and density functional calculations. As prepared AlPO4 STA-2 containing cationic SDA molecules achieves neutrality by the inclusion of hydroxide ions bridging between 5-fold coordinated framework Al atoms. Synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data of the dehydrated as-prepared form indicates triclinic symmetry (Al(12)P(12)O(48)(OH)(2)center dot BDAB, P1, a = 12.3821(2) angstrom, b = 12.3795(2) angstrom, c = 12.3797(3) angstrom, alpha = 63.3585(8)degrees, 63.4830(7)degrees, gamma = 63.4218(7)) with the distortion from rhombohedral R (3) over bar symmetry resulting from the partial order of hydroxide ions in bridging Al-OH-Al sites within cancrinite cages. Upon calcination in oxygen, the organic SDA is removed, leaving AlPO(4) STA-2 with a pore volume of 0.22 cm(3) g(-1) (R (3) over bar, Al(36)P(36)O(144), a = 12.9270(2) angstrom, c = 30.7976(4) angstrom). Dehydrated calcined AlPO(4) STA-2 has two crystallographically distinct P and Al sites: (31)P MAS NMR resolves the two distinct P sites, and although 27AI MAS NMR only partially resolves the two Al sites, they are separated by MQMAS. Furthermore, 2D (27)Al -> (31)P MQ-J-HETCOR correlation spectroscopy confirms that each framework Al is linked to the two different P sites via AI-O-P connections in a 3:1 ratio (and vice versa for P linked to different Al). The (27)Al and (31)P resonances are assigned to the crystallographic Al and P sites by calculation of the NMR parameters using the CASTEP DFT program for an energy-minimized AlPO(4)(SAT) framework.