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Morale in old age: refining the model.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • G. Clare Wenger
  • Richard B. Davies
  • Said Shahtahmasebi
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/1995
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number11
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)933-943
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The literature on morale has identified many variables as correlates. In most instances, relationships have been sought with specific variables without taking into account the possible effects of other factors which may be responsible for the correlation. This article identifies correlating variables identified in a review of the literature and matches most of them with similar variables from a study conducted in North Wales. Bivariate and multivariate analyses are presented in an attempt to create a refinement of the model of morale. In so doing, the authors reduce the number of variables of interest by half and present a refined model which, when all other variables are controlled for, includes: health limited activities; potential carer when ill; support network type; meeting as many people as desired; self-assessed loneliness; self-assessed health.