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  • 2019_JOV_Woodhams_et_al

    Rights statement: © 2019, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors' permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/vio0000255

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Multiple perpetrator rape: Is perpetrator violence the result of victim resistance, deindividuation, or leader-follower dynamics?

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Multiple perpetrator rape : Is perpetrator violence the result of victim resistance, deindividuation, or leader-follower dynamics? / Woodhams, Jessica; Taylor, Paul; Cooke, Claire.

In: Psychology of Violence, Vol. 10, No. 1, 31.01.2020, p. 120-129.

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Woodhams, Jessica ; Taylor, Paul ; Cooke, Claire. / Multiple perpetrator rape : Is perpetrator violence the result of victim resistance, deindividuation, or leader-follower dynamics?. In: Psychology of Violence. 2020 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 120-129.

Bibtex

@article{9fdaf94d124d4984aeefd68166df6daa,
title = "Multiple perpetrator rape: Is perpetrator violence the result of victim resistance, deindividuation, or leader-follower dynamics?",
abstract = "Objective: Violence perpetrated by groups has been proposed to result from processes that include deindividuation, instrumental responses to victim resistance, and leader-follower dynamics. Here we compare the explanatory merit of these accounts by analyzing the sequential patterns of behaviors that occurred in 71 accounts of multiple perpetrator rape by 189 suspects against lone females. Method: Victim accounts of the offenses made to the police were coded for leader, follower, and victim actions using the interpersonal circumplex quadrants, and the offenses were rated as involving high or low nonsexual aggression. Results: Analysis of the temporal proximities among victim and suspect behaviors found that (a) in contrast to deindividuation, hostility decreased rather than increased with group size, (b) victim behavior had no significant effect on perpetrator violence, and (c) leader behavior had a significant effect on group violence. Conclusions: Compared with low aggression offenses, high aggression offenses were characterized by the leaders' hostile behaviors reinforcing the hostile behavior of followers, as well as there being some mutual reinforcement from follower(s) to leader. This has implications for theories of (sexual) violence perpetrated by multiple individuals, as well as for clinical work with such offenders. For example, the influence of peers in these offenses has implications for the planning of interventions with such offenders and the sorts of intervention that are likely to be successful.",
keywords = "deindividuation, group rape, interpersonal circumplex, victim resistance, deindividuation, group rape,leader– follower dynamics",
author = "Jessica Woodhams and Paul Taylor and Claire Cooke",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2019, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors' permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/vio0000255 ",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1037/vio0000255",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "120--129",
journal = "Psychology of Violence",
issn = "2152-0828",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiple perpetrator rape

T2 - Is perpetrator violence the result of victim resistance, deindividuation, or leader-follower dynamics?

AU - Woodhams, Jessica

AU - Taylor, Paul

AU - Cooke, Claire

N1 - © 2019, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors' permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/vio0000255

PY - 2020/1/31

Y1 - 2020/1/31

N2 - Objective: Violence perpetrated by groups has been proposed to result from processes that include deindividuation, instrumental responses to victim resistance, and leader-follower dynamics. Here we compare the explanatory merit of these accounts by analyzing the sequential patterns of behaviors that occurred in 71 accounts of multiple perpetrator rape by 189 suspects against lone females. Method: Victim accounts of the offenses made to the police were coded for leader, follower, and victim actions using the interpersonal circumplex quadrants, and the offenses were rated as involving high or low nonsexual aggression. Results: Analysis of the temporal proximities among victim and suspect behaviors found that (a) in contrast to deindividuation, hostility decreased rather than increased with group size, (b) victim behavior had no significant effect on perpetrator violence, and (c) leader behavior had a significant effect on group violence. Conclusions: Compared with low aggression offenses, high aggression offenses were characterized by the leaders' hostile behaviors reinforcing the hostile behavior of followers, as well as there being some mutual reinforcement from follower(s) to leader. This has implications for theories of (sexual) violence perpetrated by multiple individuals, as well as for clinical work with such offenders. For example, the influence of peers in these offenses has implications for the planning of interventions with such offenders and the sorts of intervention that are likely to be successful.

AB - Objective: Violence perpetrated by groups has been proposed to result from processes that include deindividuation, instrumental responses to victim resistance, and leader-follower dynamics. Here we compare the explanatory merit of these accounts by analyzing the sequential patterns of behaviors that occurred in 71 accounts of multiple perpetrator rape by 189 suspects against lone females. Method: Victim accounts of the offenses made to the police were coded for leader, follower, and victim actions using the interpersonal circumplex quadrants, and the offenses were rated as involving high or low nonsexual aggression. Results: Analysis of the temporal proximities among victim and suspect behaviors found that (a) in contrast to deindividuation, hostility decreased rather than increased with group size, (b) victim behavior had no significant effect on perpetrator violence, and (c) leader behavior had a significant effect on group violence. Conclusions: Compared with low aggression offenses, high aggression offenses were characterized by the leaders' hostile behaviors reinforcing the hostile behavior of followers, as well as there being some mutual reinforcement from follower(s) to leader. This has implications for theories of (sexual) violence perpetrated by multiple individuals, as well as for clinical work with such offenders. For example, the influence of peers in these offenses has implications for the planning of interventions with such offenders and the sorts of intervention that are likely to be successful.

KW - deindividuation

KW - group rape

KW - interpersonal circumplex

KW - victim resistance

KW - deindividuation, group rape,leader– follower dynamics

U2 - 10.1037/vio0000255

DO - 10.1037/vio0000255

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 120

EP - 129

JO - Psychology of Violence

JF - Psychology of Violence

SN - 2152-0828

IS - 1

ER -