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Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network

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Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network. / Tatem, Andrew J.; Lewis, Hugh G.; Atkinson, Peter M.; Nixon, Mark S.

In: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2001, p. 184-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Tatem, AJ, Lewis, HG, Atkinson, PM & Nixon, MS 2001, 'Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network', International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 184-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0303-2434(01)85010-8

APA

Tatem, A. J., Lewis, H. G., Atkinson, P. M., & Nixon, M. S. (2001). Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 3(2), 184-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0303-2434(01)85010-8

Vancouver

Tatem AJ, Lewis HG, Atkinson PM, Nixon MS. Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. 2001;3(2):184-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0303-2434(01)85010-8

Author

Tatem, Andrew J. ; Lewis, Hugh G. ; Atkinson, Peter M. ; Nixon, Mark S. / Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network. In: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. 2001 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 184-190.

Bibtex

@article{c7c2f3317c694c969fdcfad08d938e2c,
title = "Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network",
abstract = "Land cover class composition of image pixels can be estimated using soft classification techniques. However, their output provides no indication of how such classes are distributed spatially within the instantaneous field of view represented by the pixel. Robust techniques to provide an improved spatial representation of land cover have yet to be developed. The use of a Hopfield neural network technique to map the spatial distributions of classes reliably using information of pixel composition determined from soft classification was investigated in previous papers by Tatem et al. The network converges to a minimum of an energy function defined as a goal and several constraints. The approach involved designing the energy function to produce a {\textquoteleft}best guess{\textquoteright} prediction of the spatial distribution of class components in each pixel. Tatem et al described the application of the technique to target mapping at the sub-pixel scale, but only for single classes. We now show how this approach can be extended to map multiple classes at the sub-pixel scale, by adding new constraints into the energy formulation. The new technique has been applied to simulated SPOT HRV and Landsat TM agriculture imagery to derive accurate estimates of land cover. The results show that this extension of the neural network now represents a simple efficient tool for mapping land cover and can deliver requisite results for the analysis of practical remotely sensed imagery at the sub pixel scale.",
keywords = "remote sensing, spatial resolution, soft classification, optimization, neurons, energy function, constraints, accuracy assessment",
author = "Tatem, {Andrew J.} and Lewis, {Hugh G.} and Atkinson, {Peter M.} and Nixon, {Mark S.}",
note = "M1 - 2",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0303-2434(01)85010-8",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "184--190",
journal = "International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation",
issn = "0303-2434",
publisher = "International Institute for Aerial Survey and Earth Sciences",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiple-class land-cover mapping at the sub-pixel scale using a Hopfield neural network

AU - Tatem, Andrew J.

AU - Lewis, Hugh G.

AU - Atkinson, Peter M.

AU - Nixon, Mark S.

N1 - M1 - 2

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Land cover class composition of image pixels can be estimated using soft classification techniques. However, their output provides no indication of how such classes are distributed spatially within the instantaneous field of view represented by the pixel. Robust techniques to provide an improved spatial representation of land cover have yet to be developed. The use of a Hopfield neural network technique to map the spatial distributions of classes reliably using information of pixel composition determined from soft classification was investigated in previous papers by Tatem et al. The network converges to a minimum of an energy function defined as a goal and several constraints. The approach involved designing the energy function to produce a ‘best guess’ prediction of the spatial distribution of class components in each pixel. Tatem et al described the application of the technique to target mapping at the sub-pixel scale, but only for single classes. We now show how this approach can be extended to map multiple classes at the sub-pixel scale, by adding new constraints into the energy formulation. The new technique has been applied to simulated SPOT HRV and Landsat TM agriculture imagery to derive accurate estimates of land cover. The results show that this extension of the neural network now represents a simple efficient tool for mapping land cover and can deliver requisite results for the analysis of practical remotely sensed imagery at the sub pixel scale.

AB - Land cover class composition of image pixels can be estimated using soft classification techniques. However, their output provides no indication of how such classes are distributed spatially within the instantaneous field of view represented by the pixel. Robust techniques to provide an improved spatial representation of land cover have yet to be developed. The use of a Hopfield neural network technique to map the spatial distributions of classes reliably using information of pixel composition determined from soft classification was investigated in previous papers by Tatem et al. The network converges to a minimum of an energy function defined as a goal and several constraints. The approach involved designing the energy function to produce a ‘best guess’ prediction of the spatial distribution of class components in each pixel. Tatem et al described the application of the technique to target mapping at the sub-pixel scale, but only for single classes. We now show how this approach can be extended to map multiple classes at the sub-pixel scale, by adding new constraints into the energy formulation. The new technique has been applied to simulated SPOT HRV and Landsat TM agriculture imagery to derive accurate estimates of land cover. The results show that this extension of the neural network now represents a simple efficient tool for mapping land cover and can deliver requisite results for the analysis of practical remotely sensed imagery at the sub pixel scale.

KW - remote sensing

KW - spatial resolution

KW - soft classification

KW - optimization

KW - neurons

KW - energy function

KW - constraints

KW - accuracy assessment

U2 - 10.1016/S0303-2434(01)85010-8

DO - 10.1016/S0303-2434(01)85010-8

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

SP - 184

EP - 190

JO - International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation

JF - International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation

SN - 0303-2434

IS - 2

ER -