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Nanocarbon Catalysts: Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites

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Nanocarbon Catalysts : Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites. / Zhang, Lu-Hua; Shi, Yumeng; Wang, Ye et al.

In: Advanced Science, Vol. 7, No. 5, 1902126, 04.03.2020.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Zhang, L-H, Shi, Y, Wang, Y & Raveendran, S 2020, 'Nanocarbon Catalysts: Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites', Advanced Science, vol. 7, no. 5, 1902126. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.201902126

APA

Zhang, L-H., Shi, Y., Wang, Y., & Raveendran, S. (2020). Nanocarbon Catalysts: Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites. Advanced Science, 7(5), [1902126]. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.201902126

Vancouver

Zhang L-H, Shi Y, Wang Y, Raveendran S. Nanocarbon Catalysts: Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites. Advanced Science. 2020 Mar 4;7(5):1902126. Epub 2020 Jan 8. doi: 10.1002/advs.201902126

Author

Zhang, Lu-Hua ; Shi, Yumeng ; Wang, Ye et al. / Nanocarbon Catalysts : Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites. In: Advanced Science. 2020 ; Vol. 7, No. 5.

Bibtex

@article{113c74e3da854fc8a7734caeb3d2b968,
title = "Nanocarbon Catalysts: Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites",
abstract = "Although carbon itself acts as a catalyst in various reactions, the classical carbon materials (e.g., activated carbons, carbon aerogels, carbon black, carbon fiber, etc.) usually show low activity, stability, and oxidation resistance. With the recent availability of nanocarbon catalysts, the application of carbon materials in catalysis has gained a renewed momentum. The research is concentrated on tailoring the surface chemistry of nanocarbon materials, since the pristine carbons in general are not active for heterogeneous catalysis. Surface functionalization, doping with heteroatoms, and creating defects are the most used strategies to make efficient catalysts. However, the nature of the catalytic active sites and their role in determining the activity and selectivity is still not well understood. Herein, the types of active sites reported for several mainstream nanocarbons, including carbon nanotubes, graphene‐based materials, and 3D porous nanocarbons, are summarized. Knowledge about the active sites will be beneficial for the design and synthesis of nanocarbon catalysts with improved activity, selectivity, and stability.",
keywords = "edge sites and topological defects, heteroatom doping, M–Nx –C, nanocarbon catalysts, surface functionalization",
author = "Lu-Hua Zhang and Yumeng Shi and Ye Wang and Shiju Raveendran",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1002/advs.201902126",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Advanced Science",
issn = "2198-3844",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nanocarbon Catalysts

T2 - Recent Understanding Regarding the Active Sites

AU - Zhang, Lu-Hua

AU - Shi, Yumeng

AU - Wang, Ye

AU - Raveendran, Shiju

PY - 2020/3/4

Y1 - 2020/3/4

N2 - Although carbon itself acts as a catalyst in various reactions, the classical carbon materials (e.g., activated carbons, carbon aerogels, carbon black, carbon fiber, etc.) usually show low activity, stability, and oxidation resistance. With the recent availability of nanocarbon catalysts, the application of carbon materials in catalysis has gained a renewed momentum. The research is concentrated on tailoring the surface chemistry of nanocarbon materials, since the pristine carbons in general are not active for heterogeneous catalysis. Surface functionalization, doping with heteroatoms, and creating defects are the most used strategies to make efficient catalysts. However, the nature of the catalytic active sites and their role in determining the activity and selectivity is still not well understood. Herein, the types of active sites reported for several mainstream nanocarbons, including carbon nanotubes, graphene‐based materials, and 3D porous nanocarbons, are summarized. Knowledge about the active sites will be beneficial for the design and synthesis of nanocarbon catalysts with improved activity, selectivity, and stability.

AB - Although carbon itself acts as a catalyst in various reactions, the classical carbon materials (e.g., activated carbons, carbon aerogels, carbon black, carbon fiber, etc.) usually show low activity, stability, and oxidation resistance. With the recent availability of nanocarbon catalysts, the application of carbon materials in catalysis has gained a renewed momentum. The research is concentrated on tailoring the surface chemistry of nanocarbon materials, since the pristine carbons in general are not active for heterogeneous catalysis. Surface functionalization, doping with heteroatoms, and creating defects are the most used strategies to make efficient catalysts. However, the nature of the catalytic active sites and their role in determining the activity and selectivity is still not well understood. Herein, the types of active sites reported for several mainstream nanocarbons, including carbon nanotubes, graphene‐based materials, and 3D porous nanocarbons, are summarized. Knowledge about the active sites will be beneficial for the design and synthesis of nanocarbon catalysts with improved activity, selectivity, and stability.

KW - edge sites and topological defects

KW - heteroatom doping

KW - M–Nx –C

KW - nanocarbon catalysts

KW - surface functionalization

U2 - 10.1002/advs.201902126

DO - 10.1002/advs.201902126

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - Advanced Science

JF - Advanced Science

SN - 2198-3844

IS - 5

M1 - 1902126

ER -