Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Neo-liberalism translated into preconditions fo...

Electronic data

  • Neo_lib_translation_JEC_for_DIVA_pre_print

    Rights statement: Embargo until epubbed

    Accepted author manuscript, 561 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 1/01/50

    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Neo-liberalism translated into preconditions for women entrepreneurs - two contrasting cases

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • Malin Tillmar
  • Helene Ahl
  • Karin Berglund
  • Katarina Pettersson
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>13/03/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
Publication StatusAccepted/In press
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Contrasting two countries with different gender regimes and welfare states, Sweden and Tanzania, we analyse how the institutional context affects the ways in which a neo-liberal reform agenda is translated into institutional changes and propose how such changes impact the preconditions for women’s entrepreneurship.

We use document analysis and previous studies to describe and analyse the
institutions and the institutional changes. We use Scandinavian institutional theory as our interpretative framework.

We propose that:
1) In well-developed welfare states with a high level of gender equality,
consequences of neo-liberal agenda for the preconditions for women entrepreneurs are more likely to be negative than positive.
2) In less developed states with a low level of gender equality, the gendered
consequences of neo-liberal reforms may be mixed and the preconditions for
women’s entrepreneurship more positive than negative.
3) How neo-liberalism impacts preconditions for women entrepreneurs depends on the institutional framework in terms of a trustworthy women-friendly state and level of gender equality.

We demonstrate why any discussion of the impact of political or economic reforms on women’s entrepreneurship must take a country’s specific institutional context into account. Further, previous studies on neo-liberalism have rarely taken an interest in Africa.

Research limitations/implications
The study calls for bringing the effects on gender of the neo-liberal primacy of
market solutions out of the black box. Studying how women entrepreneurs perceive these effects necessitates qualitative ethnographic data.