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Nickel phytoextraction through bacterial inoculation in Raphanus sativus

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • Muhammad Javed Akhtar
  • Sana Ullah
  • Iftikhar Ahmad
  • Abdul Rauf
  • Sajid Mahmood Nadeem
  • Muhammad Yahya Khan
  • Sabir Hussain
  • Laura Bulgariu
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/01/2018
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)234-242
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date29/09/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the potential of two plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) viz. Bacillus sp. CIK-516 and Stenotrophomonas sp. CIK-517Y for improving the growth and Ni uptake of radish (Raphanus sativus) in the presence of four different levels of Ni contamination (0, 50, 100, 150 mg Ni kg−1 soil). Plant growth, dry biomass, chlorophyll and nitrogen contents were significantly reduced by the exogenous application of Ni, however, bacterial inoculation diluted the negative impacts of Ni stress on radish by improving these parameters. PGPR strain CIK-516 increased root length (9–27%), shoot length (8–27%), root dry biomass (2–32%), shoot dry biomass (9–51%), root girth (6–48%), total chlorophyll (4–38%) and shoot nitrogen contents (11–15%) in Ni contaminated and non-contaminated soils. Positive regulation of chlorophyll and nitrogen contents by the inoculated plants shows plant tolerance mechanism of Ni stress. Bacterial strain (CIK-516) exhibited indole acetic acid and 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase potentials which would have helped radish plant to stabilize in Ni contaminated soil and thereby increased Ni uptake (24–257 in shoot and 58–609 in root mg kg−1 dry biomass) and facilitated accumulation in radish (bioaccumulation factor = 0.6–1.7) depending upon soil Ni contamination. Based on the findings of this study, it might be suggested that inoculation with bacterial strain CIK-516 could be an efficient tool for enhanced Ni phytoextraction in radish.