Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers

Associated organisational unit

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers: policy and its outcomes since 1970

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers : policy and its outcomes since 1970. / Burt, T. P.; Howden, N. J. K.; Worrall, F. et al.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 45, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 175-181.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Burt, TP, Howden, NJK, Worrall, F, Whelan, MJ & Bieroza, M 2011, 'Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers: policy and its outcomes since 1970', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 175-181. https://doi.org/10.1021/es101395s

APA

Burt, T. P., Howden, N. J. K., Worrall, F., Whelan, M. J., & Bieroza, M. (2011). Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers: policy and its outcomes since 1970. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(1), 175-181. https://doi.org/10.1021/es101395s

Vancouver

Burt TP, Howden NJK, Worrall F, Whelan MJ, Bieroza M. Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers: policy and its outcomes since 1970. Environmental Science and Technology. 2011 Jan 1;45(1):175-181. doi: 10.1021/es101395s

Author

Burt, T. P. ; Howden, N. J. K. ; Worrall, F. et al. / Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers : policy and its outcomes since 1970. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2011 ; Vol. 45, No. 1. pp. 175-181.

Bibtex

@article{200becdd0b9245a4b2dff6c89fd2410c,
title = "Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers: policy and its outcomes since 1970",
abstract = "Modern conventional farming provides Western Europe and North America with reliable, high quality, and relatively cheap supplies of food and fiber, increasingly viewed as a potential source of fuel. One of the costs is continued widespread pollution of rivers and groundwater-predominantly by nutrients. In 1970, in both the United States and UK, farming was focused on maximizing yield and management practices were rapidly modernizing. Little attention was paid to the external impacts of farming. In 2010, diffuse pollution from agriculture is being seriously addressed by both voluntary and statutory means in an attempt to balance environmental costs with the continued benefits of agricultural production. In this paper we consider long-term changes in the concentration and flux of nitrate in five rural UK rivers to demonstrate the impact of agricultural intensification and subsequent policies to reduce diffuse pollution on river water quality between 1970 and 2010.",
keywords = "WATER-QUALITY, LONG-TERM, AGRICULTURAL CATCHMENTS, STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS, NUTRIENT TRANSPORT, NITROGEN, CHALK, CARBON, PERIOD, DORSET",
author = "Burt, {T. P.} and Howden, {N. J. K.} and F. Worrall and Whelan, {M. J.} and M. Bieroza",
year = "2011",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1021/es101395s",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "175--181",
journal = "Environmental Science and Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nitrate in United Kingdom rivers

T2 - policy and its outcomes since 1970

AU - Burt, T. P.

AU - Howden, N. J. K.

AU - Worrall, F.

AU - Whelan, M. J.

AU - Bieroza, M.

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - Modern conventional farming provides Western Europe and North America with reliable, high quality, and relatively cheap supplies of food and fiber, increasingly viewed as a potential source of fuel. One of the costs is continued widespread pollution of rivers and groundwater-predominantly by nutrients. In 1970, in both the United States and UK, farming was focused on maximizing yield and management practices were rapidly modernizing. Little attention was paid to the external impacts of farming. In 2010, diffuse pollution from agriculture is being seriously addressed by both voluntary and statutory means in an attempt to balance environmental costs with the continued benefits of agricultural production. In this paper we consider long-term changes in the concentration and flux of nitrate in five rural UK rivers to demonstrate the impact of agricultural intensification and subsequent policies to reduce diffuse pollution on river water quality between 1970 and 2010.

AB - Modern conventional farming provides Western Europe and North America with reliable, high quality, and relatively cheap supplies of food and fiber, increasingly viewed as a potential source of fuel. One of the costs is continued widespread pollution of rivers and groundwater-predominantly by nutrients. In 1970, in both the United States and UK, farming was focused on maximizing yield and management practices were rapidly modernizing. Little attention was paid to the external impacts of farming. In 2010, diffuse pollution from agriculture is being seriously addressed by both voluntary and statutory means in an attempt to balance environmental costs with the continued benefits of agricultural production. In this paper we consider long-term changes in the concentration and flux of nitrate in five rural UK rivers to demonstrate the impact of agricultural intensification and subsequent policies to reduce diffuse pollution on river water quality between 1970 and 2010.

KW - WATER-QUALITY

KW - LONG-TERM

KW - AGRICULTURAL CATCHMENTS

KW - STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS

KW - NUTRIENT TRANSPORT

KW - NITROGEN

KW - CHALK

KW - CARBON

KW - PERIOD

KW - DORSET

U2 - 10.1021/es101395s

DO - 10.1021/es101395s

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 175

EP - 181

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 1

ER -