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Nitrogen deposition causes widespread loss of species richness in British habitats

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Nitrogen deposition causes widespread loss of species richness in British habitats. / L.C., Maskell; Smart, S.M.; Bullock, J.M.; K., Thompson; Stevens, Carly.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2010, p. 671-679.

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L.C., M, Smart, SM, Bullock, JM, K., T & Stevens, C 2010, 'Nitrogen deposition causes widespread loss of species richness in British habitats', Global Change Biology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 671-679. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02022.x

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L.C., Maskell ; Smart, S.M. ; Bullock, J.M. ; K., Thompson ; Stevens, Carly. / Nitrogen deposition causes widespread loss of species richness in British habitats. In: Global Change Biology. 2010 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 671-679.

Bibtex

@article{3a5f68af65d74ddba07d031d98efb27f,
title = "Nitrogen deposition causes widespread loss of species richness in British habitats",
abstract = "We use national scale data to test the hypothesis that nitrogen (N) deposition is strongly negatively correlated with plant species richness in a wide range of ecosystem types. Vegetation plots from a national ecological surveillance programme were drawn from heathland, acid, calcareous and mesotrophic grassland habitats. Mean species number and mean plant traits were calculated for each plot and related to atmospheric N deposition. There was a significant reduction in species richness with N deposition in acid grassland and heathland even after fitting covarying factors. In acid grassland and heathland, evidence from trait changes suggested that acidification rather than increased fertility was responsible for species loss. In contrast, calcareous grassland showed evidence of eutrophication in response to increasing N deposition. Loss of species richness from chronic N deposition is apparent in infertile grasslands and heathland. Mechanisms associated with loss of species richness differ between habitats so mitigation of N deposition should be targeted to habitat type. ",
keywords = "acid, acidification, calcareous, countryside survey, eutrophication, grassland, heathland, plant traits",
author = "Maskell L.C. and S.M. Smart and J.M. Bullock and Thompson K. and Carly Stevens",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02022.x",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "671--679",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nitrogen deposition causes widespread loss of species richness in British habitats

AU - L.C., Maskell

AU - Smart, S.M.

AU - Bullock, J.M.

AU - K., Thompson

AU - Stevens, Carly

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We use national scale data to test the hypothesis that nitrogen (N) deposition is strongly negatively correlated with plant species richness in a wide range of ecosystem types. Vegetation plots from a national ecological surveillance programme were drawn from heathland, acid, calcareous and mesotrophic grassland habitats. Mean species number and mean plant traits were calculated for each plot and related to atmospheric N deposition. There was a significant reduction in species richness with N deposition in acid grassland and heathland even after fitting covarying factors. In acid grassland and heathland, evidence from trait changes suggested that acidification rather than increased fertility was responsible for species loss. In contrast, calcareous grassland showed evidence of eutrophication in response to increasing N deposition. Loss of species richness from chronic N deposition is apparent in infertile grasslands and heathland. Mechanisms associated with loss of species richness differ between habitats so mitigation of N deposition should be targeted to habitat type.

AB - We use national scale data to test the hypothesis that nitrogen (N) deposition is strongly negatively correlated with plant species richness in a wide range of ecosystem types. Vegetation plots from a national ecological surveillance programme were drawn from heathland, acid, calcareous and mesotrophic grassland habitats. Mean species number and mean plant traits were calculated for each plot and related to atmospheric N deposition. There was a significant reduction in species richness with N deposition in acid grassland and heathland even after fitting covarying factors. In acid grassland and heathland, evidence from trait changes suggested that acidification rather than increased fertility was responsible for species loss. In contrast, calcareous grassland showed evidence of eutrophication in response to increasing N deposition. Loss of species richness from chronic N deposition is apparent in infertile grasslands and heathland. Mechanisms associated with loss of species richness differ between habitats so mitigation of N deposition should be targeted to habitat type.

KW - acid

KW - acidification

KW - calcareous

KW - countryside survey

KW - eutrophication

KW - grassland

KW - heathland

KW - plant traits

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77951983315&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02022.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02022.x

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:77951983315

VL - 16

SP - 671

EP - 679

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 2

ER -