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No Procedural Justice, No Peace? Judgements of Police Legitimacy in ‘Real-time’ Interactions Captured on Camera - Registered Report Stage 1

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  • Richard Philpot
  • Mark Levine
  • Carlos Acre-Plata
  • Camilla Elphick
  • Min Zhang
  • Avelie Stuart
  • Zoe Walkington
  • Graham Pike
  • Lara Frumkin
  • Dan Popple
  • Tina F. Keil
  • Blaine Price
  • Bashar Nuseibeh
  • Arosha Bandara
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>21/07/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Royal Society Open Science
Number of pages43
Publication StatusAccepted/In press
<mark>Original language</mark>English


‘Procedural justice’ has long been advocated as key to maintaining citizen trust in policing. However, there is very little work analysing how both citizens and police officers judge the four key procedural justice predictors of police legitimacy (participation and voice; fairness and neutrality; dignity and respect; conveying trustworthy motives) in real-life policing events. In a preregistered design, and using a corpus of 44 videos of police-citizen interactions in the United Kingdom, we analyse the way 353 citizens and 353 police officers judge police legitimacy in the interactions. The analysis consists of four initial crossed-random effects mixed-model designs (each testing one procedural justice behavioural predictor on citizen perceptions) and two robustness crossed-random effects mixed-model analyses that explore the impact of other relevant factors on both citizen and police judgements of legitimacy. This combination of pre-registration and ‘real-life’ behavioural data provides the platform for a rigorous test of the procedural justice model.