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Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site: links between contamination and geophysical signals

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Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site : links between contamination and geophysical signals. / Cassiani, Giorgio; Binley, Andrew; Kemna, Andreas; Wehrer, Markus; Flores-Orozco, Adrian; Deiana, Rita; Boaga, Jacopo; Rossi, Matteo; Dietrich, Peter; Werban, Ulrike; Zschornack, Ludwig; Godio, Alberto; JafarGandomi, Arash; Deidda, Gian Piero.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 21, No. 15, 08.2014, p. 8914-8931.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Cassiani, G, Binley, A, Kemna, A, Wehrer, M, Flores-Orozco, A, Deiana, R, Boaga, J, Rossi, M, Dietrich, P, Werban, U, Zschornack, L, Godio, A, JafarGandomi, A & Deidda, GP 2014, 'Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site: links between contamination and geophysical signals', Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 8914-8931. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2494-7

APA

Cassiani, G., Binley, A., Kemna, A., Wehrer, M., Flores-Orozco, A., Deiana, R., Boaga, J., Rossi, M., Dietrich, P., Werban, U., Zschornack, L., Godio, A., JafarGandomi, A., & Deidda, G. P. (2014). Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site: links between contamination and geophysical signals. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(15), 8914-8931. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2494-7

Vancouver

Cassiani G, Binley A, Kemna A, Wehrer M, Flores-Orozco A, Deiana R et al. Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site: links between contamination and geophysical signals. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2014 Aug;21(15):8914-8931. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-2494-7

Author

Cassiani, Giorgio ; Binley, Andrew ; Kemna, Andreas ; Wehrer, Markus ; Flores-Orozco, Adrian ; Deiana, Rita ; Boaga, Jacopo ; Rossi, Matteo ; Dietrich, Peter ; Werban, Ulrike ; Zschornack, Ludwig ; Godio, Alberto ; JafarGandomi, Arash ; Deidda, Gian Piero. / Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site : links between contamination and geophysical signals. In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2014 ; Vol. 21, No. 15. pp. 8914-8931.

Bibtex

@article{7714dfa07c5e4104ad5227f692e10324,
title = "Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site: links between contamination and geophysical signals",
abstract = "The characterization of contaminated sites can benefit from the supplementation of direct investigations with a set of less-invasive, and more extensive, measurements. A combination of geophysical methods and direct push techniques for contaminated land characterization has been proposed within the EU FP7 project ModelPROBE and the affiliated project SoilCAM. In this paper we present results of the investigations conducted at the Trecate field site (NW Italy), which was affected in 1994 by crude oil contamination. The less-invasive investigations include ground-penetrating radar (GPR), electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and electromagnetic induction (EMI) surveys, together with direct push sampling and soil electrical conductivity (EC) logs.Many of the geophysical measurements were conducted in time-lapse mode in order to separate static and dynamic signals, the latter being linked to strong seasonal changes in water table elevations. The main challenge was to extract significant geophysical signals linked to contamination from the mix of geological and hydrological signals present at the site. The most significant aspects of this characterization are: (a) the geometrical link between the distribution of contamination and the site's heterogeneity, with particular regard to the presence of less permeable layers, as evidenced by the extensive surface geophysical measurements; and (b) the link between contamination and specific geophysical signals, particularly evident from cross-hole measurements.The extensive work conducted at the Trecate site shows how a combination of direct (e.g. chemical) and indirect (e.g. geophysical) investigations can lead to acomprehensive and solid understanding of a contaminated site's functioning.",
keywords = "Hydrogeophysics, GPR, ERT, Electrical methods, Cross-hole, Contamination",
author = "Giorgio Cassiani and Andrew Binley and Andreas Kemna and Markus Wehrer and Adrian Flores-Orozco and Rita Deiana and Jacopo Boaga and Matteo Rossi and Peter Dietrich and Ulrike Werban and Ludwig Zschornack and Alberto Godio and Arash JafarGandomi and Deidda, {Gian Piero}",
note = "Date of Acceptance: 23/12/2013",
year = "2014",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1007/s11356-014-2494-7",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "8914--8931",
journal = "Environmental Science and Pollution Research",
issn = "0944-1344",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-invasive characterization of the Trecate (Italy) crude-oil contaminated site

T2 - links between contamination and geophysical signals

AU - Cassiani, Giorgio

AU - Binley, Andrew

AU - Kemna, Andreas

AU - Wehrer, Markus

AU - Flores-Orozco, Adrian

AU - Deiana, Rita

AU - Boaga, Jacopo

AU - Rossi, Matteo

AU - Dietrich, Peter

AU - Werban, Ulrike

AU - Zschornack, Ludwig

AU - Godio, Alberto

AU - JafarGandomi, Arash

AU - Deidda, Gian Piero

N1 - Date of Acceptance: 23/12/2013

PY - 2014/8

Y1 - 2014/8

N2 - The characterization of contaminated sites can benefit from the supplementation of direct investigations with a set of less-invasive, and more extensive, measurements. A combination of geophysical methods and direct push techniques for contaminated land characterization has been proposed within the EU FP7 project ModelPROBE and the affiliated project SoilCAM. In this paper we present results of the investigations conducted at the Trecate field site (NW Italy), which was affected in 1994 by crude oil contamination. The less-invasive investigations include ground-penetrating radar (GPR), electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and electromagnetic induction (EMI) surveys, together with direct push sampling and soil electrical conductivity (EC) logs.Many of the geophysical measurements were conducted in time-lapse mode in order to separate static and dynamic signals, the latter being linked to strong seasonal changes in water table elevations. The main challenge was to extract significant geophysical signals linked to contamination from the mix of geological and hydrological signals present at the site. The most significant aspects of this characterization are: (a) the geometrical link between the distribution of contamination and the site's heterogeneity, with particular regard to the presence of less permeable layers, as evidenced by the extensive surface geophysical measurements; and (b) the link between contamination and specific geophysical signals, particularly evident from cross-hole measurements.The extensive work conducted at the Trecate site shows how a combination of direct (e.g. chemical) and indirect (e.g. geophysical) investigations can lead to acomprehensive and solid understanding of a contaminated site's functioning.

AB - The characterization of contaminated sites can benefit from the supplementation of direct investigations with a set of less-invasive, and more extensive, measurements. A combination of geophysical methods and direct push techniques for contaminated land characterization has been proposed within the EU FP7 project ModelPROBE and the affiliated project SoilCAM. In this paper we present results of the investigations conducted at the Trecate field site (NW Italy), which was affected in 1994 by crude oil contamination. The less-invasive investigations include ground-penetrating radar (GPR), electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and electromagnetic induction (EMI) surveys, together with direct push sampling and soil electrical conductivity (EC) logs.Many of the geophysical measurements were conducted in time-lapse mode in order to separate static and dynamic signals, the latter being linked to strong seasonal changes in water table elevations. The main challenge was to extract significant geophysical signals linked to contamination from the mix of geological and hydrological signals present at the site. The most significant aspects of this characterization are: (a) the geometrical link between the distribution of contamination and the site's heterogeneity, with particular regard to the presence of less permeable layers, as evidenced by the extensive surface geophysical measurements; and (b) the link between contamination and specific geophysical signals, particularly evident from cross-hole measurements.The extensive work conducted at the Trecate site shows how a combination of direct (e.g. chemical) and indirect (e.g. geophysical) investigations can lead to acomprehensive and solid understanding of a contaminated site's functioning.

KW - Hydrogeophysics

KW - GPR

KW - ERT

KW - Electrical methods

KW - Cross-hole

KW - Contamination

U2 - 10.1007/s11356-014-2494-7

DO - 10.1007/s11356-014-2494-7

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - 8914

EP - 8931

JO - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

JF - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

SN - 0944-1344

IS - 15

ER -