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Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi: Emission factors and total city-wide emissions

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Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi : Emission factors and total city-wide emissions. / Mondal, Arnab; Singh Saharan, Ummed; Arya, Rahul et al.

In: Atmospheric Environment: X, Vol. 11, 100127, 31.10.2021.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Mondal, A, Singh Saharan, U, Arya, R, Yadav, L, Ahlawat, S, Jangirh, R, Kotnala, G, Choudhary, N, Banoo, R, Rai, A, Yadav, P, Rani, M, Lal, S, Stewart, GJ, Nelson, BS, Acton, J, Vaughan, AR, Hamilton, JF, Hopkins, JR, Hewitt, CN, Sahu, LK, Tripathi, N, Sharma, SK & Mandal, TK 2021, 'Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi: Emission factors and total city-wide emissions', Atmospheric Environment: X, vol. 11, 100127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100127

APA

Mondal, A., Singh Saharan, U., Arya, R., Yadav, L., Ahlawat, S., Jangirh, R., Kotnala, G., Choudhary, N., Banoo, R., Rai, A., Yadav, P., Rani, M., Lal, S., Stewart, G. J., Nelson, B. S., Acton, J., Vaughan, A. R., Hamilton, J. F., Hopkins, J. R., ... Mandal, T. K. (2021). Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi: Emission factors and total city-wide emissions. Atmospheric Environment: X, 11, [100127]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100127

Vancouver

Mondal A, Singh Saharan U, Arya R, Yadav L, Ahlawat S, Jangirh R et al. Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi: Emission factors and total city-wide emissions. Atmospheric Environment: X. 2021 Oct 31;11:100127. Epub 2021 Aug 21. doi: 10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100127

Author

Mondal, Arnab ; Singh Saharan, Ummed ; Arya, Rahul et al. / Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi : Emission factors and total city-wide emissions. In: Atmospheric Environment: X. 2021 ; Vol. 11.

Bibtex

@article{e341dfc969f54d8aa0e9b4e74221d10e,
title = "Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi: Emission factors and total city-wide emissions",
abstract = "In controlled laboratory conditions, 62 samples of domestic fuels collected from 56 grids of Delhi were burnt to quantify the emissions of 23 non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), i.e., alkanes (11), alkenes (6), alkynes (1) and aromatic compounds (5). The domestic fuels used for residential activities were comprised of 20 unique types of fuel woods, 3 species of crop residue, dung cakes and coal. These fuels are primarily used for cooking and water/space heating during winters. The current study reports the total emission budget of NMVOCs from domestic burning over Delhi. Furthermore, this study also compares the differences in EFs of NMVOCs which are calculated for different burning cycles and sample collection methods. The EFs of NMVOCs calculated from the samples collected during the flaming stage using canisters were analysed for 23 NMVOCs and then compared with same species emitted from complete burning cycle. In addition to this, 10 consumption and emission hotspot grids were also identified in Delhi; based on the ground survey and laboratory simulated results. The total annual usage of domestic fuels for the year 2019 was found to be 0.415 Mt/yr (million tonnes) in Delhi. 12.01 Gg/yr of annual NMVOC emissions was calculated from domestic fuel burning in which the emissions from dung cake and fuel wood dominated with 6.6 Gg/yr and 5.4 Gg/yr, respectively. The EFs of NMVOCs calculated using canister and online collection method differ significantly from each other. The flaming stage presented enhanced emissions compared to the complete burning cycle by ~7 times which suggests that the method of data analysis and the period of sample collection play a pivotal role in the preparation of an emission inventory and estimating the budget.",
keywords = "NMVOC, Emission factor, Emission inventory, Domestic fuels, Delhi",
author = "Arnab Mondal and {Singh Saharan}, Ummed and Rahul Arya and Lokesh Yadav and Sakshi Ahlawat and Ritu Jangirh and Garima Kotnala and Nikki Choudhary and Rubiya Banoo and Akancha Rai and Pooja Yadav and Martina Rani and Shyam Lal and Stewart, {Gareth J.} and Nelson, {Beth S.} and Joe Acton and Vaughan, {Adam Robert} and Hamilton, {Jacqueline F.} and Hopkins, {James R.} and Hewitt, {C N} and Sahu, {Lokesh K.} and Nidhi Tripathi and S.K. Sharma and Mandal, {Tuhin K.}",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100127",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Atmospheric Environment: X",
issn = "2590-1621",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-methane volatile organic compounds emitted from domestic fuels in Delhi

T2 - Emission factors and total city-wide emissions

AU - Mondal, Arnab

AU - Singh Saharan, Ummed

AU - Arya, Rahul

AU - Yadav, Lokesh

AU - Ahlawat, Sakshi

AU - Jangirh, Ritu

AU - Kotnala, Garima

AU - Choudhary, Nikki

AU - Banoo, Rubiya

AU - Rai, Akancha

AU - Yadav, Pooja

AU - Rani, Martina

AU - Lal, Shyam

AU - Stewart, Gareth J.

AU - Nelson, Beth S.

AU - Acton, Joe

AU - Vaughan, Adam Robert

AU - Hamilton, Jacqueline F.

AU - Hopkins, James R.

AU - Hewitt, C N

AU - Sahu, Lokesh K.

AU - Tripathi, Nidhi

AU - Sharma, S.K.

AU - Mandal, Tuhin K.

PY - 2021/10/31

Y1 - 2021/10/31

N2 - In controlled laboratory conditions, 62 samples of domestic fuels collected from 56 grids of Delhi were burnt to quantify the emissions of 23 non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), i.e., alkanes (11), alkenes (6), alkynes (1) and aromatic compounds (5). The domestic fuels used for residential activities were comprised of 20 unique types of fuel woods, 3 species of crop residue, dung cakes and coal. These fuels are primarily used for cooking and water/space heating during winters. The current study reports the total emission budget of NMVOCs from domestic burning over Delhi. Furthermore, this study also compares the differences in EFs of NMVOCs which are calculated for different burning cycles and sample collection methods. The EFs of NMVOCs calculated from the samples collected during the flaming stage using canisters were analysed for 23 NMVOCs and then compared with same species emitted from complete burning cycle. In addition to this, 10 consumption and emission hotspot grids were also identified in Delhi; based on the ground survey and laboratory simulated results. The total annual usage of domestic fuels for the year 2019 was found to be 0.415 Mt/yr (million tonnes) in Delhi. 12.01 Gg/yr of annual NMVOC emissions was calculated from domestic fuel burning in which the emissions from dung cake and fuel wood dominated with 6.6 Gg/yr and 5.4 Gg/yr, respectively. The EFs of NMVOCs calculated using canister and online collection method differ significantly from each other. The flaming stage presented enhanced emissions compared to the complete burning cycle by ~7 times which suggests that the method of data analysis and the period of sample collection play a pivotal role in the preparation of an emission inventory and estimating the budget.

AB - In controlled laboratory conditions, 62 samples of domestic fuels collected from 56 grids of Delhi were burnt to quantify the emissions of 23 non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), i.e., alkanes (11), alkenes (6), alkynes (1) and aromatic compounds (5). The domestic fuels used for residential activities were comprised of 20 unique types of fuel woods, 3 species of crop residue, dung cakes and coal. These fuels are primarily used for cooking and water/space heating during winters. The current study reports the total emission budget of NMVOCs from domestic burning over Delhi. Furthermore, this study also compares the differences in EFs of NMVOCs which are calculated for different burning cycles and sample collection methods. The EFs of NMVOCs calculated from the samples collected during the flaming stage using canisters were analysed for 23 NMVOCs and then compared with same species emitted from complete burning cycle. In addition to this, 10 consumption and emission hotspot grids were also identified in Delhi; based on the ground survey and laboratory simulated results. The total annual usage of domestic fuels for the year 2019 was found to be 0.415 Mt/yr (million tonnes) in Delhi. 12.01 Gg/yr of annual NMVOC emissions was calculated from domestic fuel burning in which the emissions from dung cake and fuel wood dominated with 6.6 Gg/yr and 5.4 Gg/yr, respectively. The EFs of NMVOCs calculated using canister and online collection method differ significantly from each other. The flaming stage presented enhanced emissions compared to the complete burning cycle by ~7 times which suggests that the method of data analysis and the period of sample collection play a pivotal role in the preparation of an emission inventory and estimating the budget.

KW - NMVOC

KW - Emission factor

KW - Emission inventory

KW - Domestic fuels

KW - Delhi

U2 - 10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100127

DO - 10.1016/j.aeaoa.2021.100127

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

JO - Atmospheric Environment: X

JF - Atmospheric Environment: X

SN - 2590-1621

M1 - 100127

ER -