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Nose profile morphology and accuracy study of nose profile estimation method in Scottish subadult and Indonesian adult populations

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Erli Sarilita
  • Christopher Rynn
  • Peter Mossey
  • Sue Black
  • Fahmi Oscander
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/05/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Legal Medicine
Issue number3
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)923-931
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date19/12/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This study investigated nose profile morphology and its relationship to the skull in Scottish subadult and Indonesian adult populations, with the aim of improving the accuracy of forensic craniofacial reconstruction. Samples of 86 lateral head cephalograms from Dundee Dental School (mean age, 11.8 years) and 335 lateral head cephalograms from the Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia (mean age 24.2 years), were measured. The method of nose profile estimation based on skull morphology previously proposed by Rynn and colleagues in 2010 (FSMP 6:20–34) was tested in this study. Following this method, three nasal aperture-related craniometrics and six nose profile dimensions were measured from the cephalograms. To assess the accuracy of the method, six nose profile dimensions were estimated from the three craniometric parameters using the published method and then compared to the actual nose profile dimensions. In the Scottish subadult population, no sexual dimorphism was evident in the measured dimensions. In contrast, sexual dimorphism of the Indonesian adult population was evident in all craniometric and nose profile dimensions; notably, males exhibited statistically significant larger values than females. The published method by Rynn and colleagues (FSMP 6:20–34, 2010) performed better in the Scottish subadult population (mean difference of maximum, 2.35 mm) compared to the Indonesian adult population (mean difference of maximum, 5.42 mm in males and 4.89 mm in females). In addition, regression formulae were derived to estimate nose profile dimensions based on the craniometric measurements for the Indonesian adult population. The published method is not sufficiently accurate for use on the Indonesian population, so the derived method should be used. The accuracy of the published method by Rynn and colleagues (FSMP 6:20–34, 2010) was sufficiently reliable to be applied in Scottish subadult population.

Bibliographic note

Directorate General of Higher Education Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia Grant number 666/E4.4/K/2014