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Novel meloxicam releasing electrospun polymer/ceramic reinforced biodegradable membranes for periodontal regeneration applications

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • M. Yar
  • A. Farooq
  • L. Shahzadi
  • A.S. Khan
  • N. Mahmood
  • A. Rauf
  • A.A. Chaudhry
  • I.U. Rehman
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/07/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Materials Science and Engineering: A
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)148-156
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Periodontal disease is associated with the destruction of periodontal tissues, along with other disorders/problems including inflammation of tissues and severe pain. This paper reports the synthesis of meloxicam (MX) immobilized biodegradable chitosan (CS)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/hydroxyapatite (HA) based electrospun (e-spun) fibers and films. Electrospinning was employed to produce drug loaded fibrous mats, whereas films were generated by solvent casting method. In-vitro drug release from materials containing varying concentrations of MX revealed that the scaffolds containing higher amount of drug showed comparatively faster release. During initial first few hours fast release was noted from membranes and films; however after around 5 h sustained release was achieved. The hydrogels showed good swelling property, which is highly desired for soft tissue engineered implants. To investigate the biocompatibility of our synthesized materials, VERO cells (epithelial cells) were selected and cell culture results showed that these all materials were non-cytotoxic and also these cells were very well proliferated on these synthesized scaffolds. These properties along with the anti-inflammatory potential of our fabricated materials suggest their effective utilization in periodontital treatments. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.