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Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana

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Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana. / Souza, A E; Bates, P A; Coombs, G H; Mottram, J C.

In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, Vol. 63, No. 2, 02.1994, p. 213-220.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Souza, AE, Bates, PA, Coombs, GH & Mottram, JC 1994, 'Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana', Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 213-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(94)90057-4

APA

Souza, A. E., Bates, P. A., Coombs, G. H., & Mottram, J. C. (1994). Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 63(2), 213-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(94)90057-4

Vancouver

Souza AE, Bates PA, Coombs GH, Mottram JC. Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 1994 Feb;63(2):213-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(94)90057-4

Author

Souza, A E ; Bates, P A ; Coombs, G H ; Mottram, J C. / Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana. In: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. 1994 ; Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 213-220.

Bibtex

@article{1a9b7ebde0fd4b7bafbe14c7ca757cff,
title = "Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana",
abstract = "The parasitic protozoon Leishmania mexicana possesses an abundance of developmentally regulated cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinases expressed at highest levels in amastigotes. We recently characterised lmcpa, a single-copy gene encoding one such proteinase, LmCPa, which differs from other homologues by possessing a 3-amino-acid insertion at the amino terminal of the predicted mature proteinase. To investigate the role of LmCPa in L. mexicana, we used gene-targeting of promastigotes with hygromycin- and phleomycin-resistance markers to generate null mutants by disrupting sequentially both alleles of lmcpa. The promastigote null mutants did not differ significantly from wild-type L. mexicana in growth rate or morphology and could differentiate to metacyclics and the amastigote-like form, both of which could infect the J774G8 macrophage-like cell line. The null mutant amastigote-like form obtained from the J774G8 cells could also establish rump lesions in CBA mice. By these criteria, therefore, LmCPa appears to be non-essential although there is the possibility that LmCPa could be required during development in the sandfly, a stage not analysed here. The apparent redundancy of LmCPa in amastigotes may be due to the presence of other cysteine proteinases and has implications for the choice of candidate targets for rationally designed anti-leishmanial drugs.",
keywords = "Bleomycin, Kinetoplastid , Mutant , Parasitic protozoon , Protease , Transfection",
author = "Souza, {A E} and Bates, {P A} and Coombs, {G H} and Mottram, {J C}",
year = "1994",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/0166-6851(94)90057-4",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "213--220",
journal = "Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology",
issn = "0166-6851",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Null mutants for the lmcpa cysteine proteinase gene in Leishmania mexicana

AU - Souza, A E

AU - Bates, P A

AU - Coombs, G H

AU - Mottram, J C

PY - 1994/2

Y1 - 1994/2

N2 - The parasitic protozoon Leishmania mexicana possesses an abundance of developmentally regulated cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinases expressed at highest levels in amastigotes. We recently characterised lmcpa, a single-copy gene encoding one such proteinase, LmCPa, which differs from other homologues by possessing a 3-amino-acid insertion at the amino terminal of the predicted mature proteinase. To investigate the role of LmCPa in L. mexicana, we used gene-targeting of promastigotes with hygromycin- and phleomycin-resistance markers to generate null mutants by disrupting sequentially both alleles of lmcpa. The promastigote null mutants did not differ significantly from wild-type L. mexicana in growth rate or morphology and could differentiate to metacyclics and the amastigote-like form, both of which could infect the J774G8 macrophage-like cell line. The null mutant amastigote-like form obtained from the J774G8 cells could also establish rump lesions in CBA mice. By these criteria, therefore, LmCPa appears to be non-essential although there is the possibility that LmCPa could be required during development in the sandfly, a stage not analysed here. The apparent redundancy of LmCPa in amastigotes may be due to the presence of other cysteine proteinases and has implications for the choice of candidate targets for rationally designed anti-leishmanial drugs.

AB - The parasitic protozoon Leishmania mexicana possesses an abundance of developmentally regulated cathepsin L-like cysteine proteinases expressed at highest levels in amastigotes. We recently characterised lmcpa, a single-copy gene encoding one such proteinase, LmCPa, which differs from other homologues by possessing a 3-amino-acid insertion at the amino terminal of the predicted mature proteinase. To investigate the role of LmCPa in L. mexicana, we used gene-targeting of promastigotes with hygromycin- and phleomycin-resistance markers to generate null mutants by disrupting sequentially both alleles of lmcpa. The promastigote null mutants did not differ significantly from wild-type L. mexicana in growth rate or morphology and could differentiate to metacyclics and the amastigote-like form, both of which could infect the J774G8 macrophage-like cell line. The null mutant amastigote-like form obtained from the J774G8 cells could also establish rump lesions in CBA mice. By these criteria, therefore, LmCPa appears to be non-essential although there is the possibility that LmCPa could be required during development in the sandfly, a stage not analysed here. The apparent redundancy of LmCPa in amastigotes may be due to the presence of other cysteine proteinases and has implications for the choice of candidate targets for rationally designed anti-leishmanial drugs.

KW - Bleomycin

KW - Kinetoplastid

KW - Mutant

KW - Parasitic protozoon

KW - Protease

KW - Transfection

U2 - 10.1016/0166-6851(94)90057-4

DO - 10.1016/0166-6851(94)90057-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 8008019

VL - 63

SP - 213

EP - 220

JO - Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology

JF - Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology

SN - 0166-6851

IS - 2

ER -