Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia

Electronic data

  • Dyslexia_Accepted_11Dec_2018

    Accepted author manuscript, 1.87 MB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia. / Wilcockson, Thomas; Mardanbegi, Diako; Sawyer, Peter Harvey; Gellersen, Hans-Werner Georg; Xia, Baiqiang; Crawford, Trevor Jeremy.

In: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, Vol. 12, 66, 08.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{06586232d2c54294b9e400f8fa45deda,
title = "Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia",
abstract = "Previous research has suggested that people with dyslexia may have an impairment of inhibitory control. The oculomotor system is vulnerable to interference at various levels of the system, from high level cognitive control to peripheral neural pathways.Therefore, in this work we examined two forms of oculomotor inhibition and two forms of oculomotor interference at high and low levels of the control system. This study employed a prosaccade, antisaccade, and a recent distractor eye movement task (akin to a spatial negative priming) in order to explore high level cognitive control and the inhibition of a competing distractor. To explore low-level control we examined the frequency of microsaccades and post-saccade oscillations. The findings demonstrated that dyslexics have an impairment of volitional inhibitory control, reflected in the antisaccade task. In contrast, inhibitory control at the location of a competing distractor was equivalent in the dyslexic and non-dyslexic groups. There was no difference in the frequency of microsaccades between the two groups. However, the dyslexic group generated larger microsaccades prior to the target onset in the prosaccade and the antisaccade tasks. The groups did not differ in the frequency or in the morphology of the post-saccade oscillations. These findings reveal that the word reading and attentional difficulties of dyslexic readers cannot be attributed to an impairment in the inhibition of a visual distractor or interference from low-level oculomotor instability. We propose that the inhibitory impairment in dyslexia occurs at a higher cognitive level, perhaps in relation to the process of attentional disengagement.",
keywords = "eye tracking, Eye Movements, Dyslexia, inhibition, Post-Saccadic Oscillations, microsaccades",
author = "Thomas Wilcockson and Diako Mardanbegi and Sawyer, {Peter Harvey} and Gellersen, {Hans-Werner Georg} and Baiqiang Xia and Crawford, {Trevor Jeremy}",
year = "2019",
month = jan,
day = "8",
doi = "10.3389/fnsys.2018.00066",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-5137",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oculomotor and inhibitory control in dyslexia

AU - Wilcockson, Thomas

AU - Mardanbegi, Diako

AU - Sawyer, Peter Harvey

AU - Gellersen, Hans-Werner Georg

AU - Xia, Baiqiang

AU - Crawford, Trevor Jeremy

PY - 2019/1/8

Y1 - 2019/1/8

N2 - Previous research has suggested that people with dyslexia may have an impairment of inhibitory control. The oculomotor system is vulnerable to interference at various levels of the system, from high level cognitive control to peripheral neural pathways.Therefore, in this work we examined two forms of oculomotor inhibition and two forms of oculomotor interference at high and low levels of the control system. This study employed a prosaccade, antisaccade, and a recent distractor eye movement task (akin to a spatial negative priming) in order to explore high level cognitive control and the inhibition of a competing distractor. To explore low-level control we examined the frequency of microsaccades and post-saccade oscillations. The findings demonstrated that dyslexics have an impairment of volitional inhibitory control, reflected in the antisaccade task. In contrast, inhibitory control at the location of a competing distractor was equivalent in the dyslexic and non-dyslexic groups. There was no difference in the frequency of microsaccades between the two groups. However, the dyslexic group generated larger microsaccades prior to the target onset in the prosaccade and the antisaccade tasks. The groups did not differ in the frequency or in the morphology of the post-saccade oscillations. These findings reveal that the word reading and attentional difficulties of dyslexic readers cannot be attributed to an impairment in the inhibition of a visual distractor or interference from low-level oculomotor instability. We propose that the inhibitory impairment in dyslexia occurs at a higher cognitive level, perhaps in relation to the process of attentional disengagement.

AB - Previous research has suggested that people with dyslexia may have an impairment of inhibitory control. The oculomotor system is vulnerable to interference at various levels of the system, from high level cognitive control to peripheral neural pathways.Therefore, in this work we examined two forms of oculomotor inhibition and two forms of oculomotor interference at high and low levels of the control system. This study employed a prosaccade, antisaccade, and a recent distractor eye movement task (akin to a spatial negative priming) in order to explore high level cognitive control and the inhibition of a competing distractor. To explore low-level control we examined the frequency of microsaccades and post-saccade oscillations. The findings demonstrated that dyslexics have an impairment of volitional inhibitory control, reflected in the antisaccade task. In contrast, inhibitory control at the location of a competing distractor was equivalent in the dyslexic and non-dyslexic groups. There was no difference in the frequency of microsaccades between the two groups. However, the dyslexic group generated larger microsaccades prior to the target onset in the prosaccade and the antisaccade tasks. The groups did not differ in the frequency or in the morphology of the post-saccade oscillations. These findings reveal that the word reading and attentional difficulties of dyslexic readers cannot be attributed to an impairment in the inhibition of a visual distractor or interference from low-level oculomotor instability. We propose that the inhibitory impairment in dyslexia occurs at a higher cognitive level, perhaps in relation to the process of attentional disengagement.

KW - eye tracking

KW - Eye Movements

KW - Dyslexia

KW - inhibition

KW - Post-Saccadic Oscillations

KW - microsaccades

U2 - 10.3389/fnsys.2018.00066

DO - 10.3389/fnsys.2018.00066

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

JO - Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience

SN - 1662-5137

M1 - 66

ER -