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On the ups and downs of emotion: testing between conceptual-metaphor and polarity accounts of emotional valence–spatial location interactions

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On the ups and downs of emotion : testing between conceptual-metaphor and polarity accounts of emotional valence–spatial location interactions. / Lynott, Dermot; Coventry, Kenny R.

In: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, Vol. 21, No. 1, 02.2014, p. 218-226.

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@article{02f7aa9fddb44fcd81d60d821945eefb,
title = "On the ups and downs of emotion: testing between conceptual-metaphor and polarity accounts of emotional valence–spatial location interactions",
abstract = "In the past decade, many studies have focused on the relationship between emotional valence and vertical spatial positions from a processing perspective. Lakoff and Johnson{\textquoteright}s (1980) work on conceptual metaphor has traditionally motivated these investigations, but recent work (Lakens in J Exp Psychol: Learn, Mem Cogn, 38: 726–736, 2012) has suggested that polarity-based perspectives offer an alternative account of response time patterns. We contrasted the predictions of these two theories using a new facial emotion recognition task, in which participants made speeded responses to happy or sad faces on a display, with the spatial location of those faces being manipulated. In three experiments (two-alternative forced choice tasks and a go/no-go task), we found a pattern of responses consistent with a polarity-based account, but inconsistent with key predictions of the conceptual-metaphor account. Overall, congruency effects were observed for positively valenced items, but not for negatively valenced items. These findings demonstrate that polarity effects extend to nonlinguistic stimuli and beyond two-alternative forced choice tasks. We discuss the results in terms of common-coding approaches to task–response mappings.",
keywords = "Emotion recognition , Conceptual metaphor, Spatial congruency, Representation , Polarity",
author = "Dermot Lynott and Coventry, {Kenny R.}",
year = "2014",
month = feb,
doi = "10.3758/s13423-013-0481-5",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "218--226",
journal = "Psychonomic Bulletin and Review",
issn = "1069-9384",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the ups and downs of emotion

T2 - testing between conceptual-metaphor and polarity accounts of emotional valence–spatial location interactions

AU - Lynott, Dermot

AU - Coventry, Kenny R.

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - In the past decade, many studies have focused on the relationship between emotional valence and vertical spatial positions from a processing perspective. Lakoff and Johnson’s (1980) work on conceptual metaphor has traditionally motivated these investigations, but recent work (Lakens in J Exp Psychol: Learn, Mem Cogn, 38: 726–736, 2012) has suggested that polarity-based perspectives offer an alternative account of response time patterns. We contrasted the predictions of these two theories using a new facial emotion recognition task, in which participants made speeded responses to happy or sad faces on a display, with the spatial location of those faces being manipulated. In three experiments (two-alternative forced choice tasks and a go/no-go task), we found a pattern of responses consistent with a polarity-based account, but inconsistent with key predictions of the conceptual-metaphor account. Overall, congruency effects were observed for positively valenced items, but not for negatively valenced items. These findings demonstrate that polarity effects extend to nonlinguistic stimuli and beyond two-alternative forced choice tasks. We discuss the results in terms of common-coding approaches to task–response mappings.

AB - In the past decade, many studies have focused on the relationship between emotional valence and vertical spatial positions from a processing perspective. Lakoff and Johnson’s (1980) work on conceptual metaphor has traditionally motivated these investigations, but recent work (Lakens in J Exp Psychol: Learn, Mem Cogn, 38: 726–736, 2012) has suggested that polarity-based perspectives offer an alternative account of response time patterns. We contrasted the predictions of these two theories using a new facial emotion recognition task, in which participants made speeded responses to happy or sad faces on a display, with the spatial location of those faces being manipulated. In three experiments (two-alternative forced choice tasks and a go/no-go task), we found a pattern of responses consistent with a polarity-based account, but inconsistent with key predictions of the conceptual-metaphor account. Overall, congruency effects were observed for positively valenced items, but not for negatively valenced items. These findings demonstrate that polarity effects extend to nonlinguistic stimuli and beyond two-alternative forced choice tasks. We discuss the results in terms of common-coding approaches to task–response mappings.

KW - Emotion recognition

KW - Conceptual metaphor

KW - Spatial congruency

KW - Representation

KW - Polarity

U2 - 10.3758/s13423-013-0481-5

DO - 10.3758/s13423-013-0481-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - 218

EP - 226

JO - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review

JF - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review

SN - 1069-9384

IS - 1

ER -