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Oral health self-care behaviours in serious mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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E-pub ahead of print
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>3/05/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date3/05/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Aim: To understand the relationship between serious mental illness and oral health self-care behaviours using meta-analytic methods and a narrative synthesis of available literature. Method: The review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines [PROSPERO reference: CRD42020176779]. Search terms pertaining to serious mental illness and oral health were entered into EMBASE, PsycINFO, Medline and CINAHL. Eligible studies included a sample of people with a serious mental illness and a quantitative measure of an oral health self-care behaviour (eg dental visits, toothbrushing). The Effective Public Health Practice Project tool was utilised to appraise the quality of the literature. Studies in the meta-analysis contained a non-clinical or general population comparator sample. Results: People with a serious mental illness were significantly less likely to visit the dentist (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.32–0.065, p > 0.001) or brush their teeth (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.08–0.42, p