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Orbital forcing of glacial/interglacial variations in chemical weathering and silicon cycling within the upper White Nile basin, East Africa: stable isotope and biomarker evidence from Lakes Victoria and Edward

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Orbital forcing of glacial/interglacial variations in chemical weathering and silicon cycling within the upper White Nile basin, East Africa : stable isotope and biomarker evidence from Lakes Victoria and Edward. / Cockerton, Helen E.; Street-Perrott, F. Alayne; Barker, Philip et al.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 130, 15.12.2015, p. 57-71.

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Cockerton HE, Street-Perrott FA, Barker P, Leng M, Sloane HJ, Ficken KJ. Orbital forcing of glacial/interglacial variations in chemical weathering and silicon cycling within the upper White Nile basin, East Africa: stable isotope and biomarker evidence from Lakes Victoria and Edward. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2015 Dec 15;130:57-71. Epub 2015 Aug 21. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.028

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@article{c9c7f8bda1864b62adf2059c32213789,
title = "Orbital forcing of glacial/interglacial variations in chemical weathering and silicon cycling within the upper White Nile basin, East Africa: stable isotope and biomarker evidence from Lakes Victoria and Edward",
abstract = "On Quaternary time scales, the global biogeochemical cycle of silicon is interlocked with the carbon cycle through biotic enhancement of silicate weathering and uptake of dissolved silica by vascular plants and aquatic microalgae (notably diatoms, for which Si is an essential nutrient). Large tropical river systems dominate the export of Si from the continents to the oceans. Here, we investigate variations in Si cycling in the upper White Nile basin over the last 15 ka, using sediment cores from Lakes Victoria and Edward. Coupled measurements of stable O and Si isotopes on diatom separates were used to reconstruct past changes in lake hydrology and Si cycling, while the abundances of lipid biomarkers characteristic of terrestrial/emergent higher plants, submerged/floating aquatic macrophytes and freshwater algae document past ecosystem changes. During the late-glacial to mid-Holocene, 15–5.5 ka BP, orbital forcing greatly enhanced monsoon rainfall, forest cover and chemical weathering. Riverine inputs of dissolved silica from the lake catchments exceeded aquatic demand and may also have had lower Si-isotope values. Since 5.5 ka BP, increasingly dry climates and more open vegetation, reinforced by the spread of agricultural cropland over the last 3–4 ka, have reduced dissolved silica inputs into the lakes. Centennial-to millennial-scale dry episodes are also evident in the isotopic records and merit further investigation.",
keywords = "Late Quaternary, White Nile, Lake Victoria, Lake Edward, Silicon cycle, Diatoms, Oxyge isotopes, Biomarkers",
author = "Cockerton, {Helen E.} and Street-Perrott, {F. Alayne} and Philip Barker and Melanie Leng and Sloane, {Hilary J.} and Ficken, {Katherine J.}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license",
year = "2015",
month = dec,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.028",
language = "English",
volume = "130",
pages = "57--71",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Orbital forcing of glacial/interglacial variations in chemical weathering and silicon cycling within the upper White Nile basin, East Africa

T2 - stable isotope and biomarker evidence from Lakes Victoria and Edward

AU - Cockerton, Helen E.

AU - Street-Perrott, F. Alayne

AU - Barker, Philip

AU - Leng, Melanie

AU - Sloane, Hilary J.

AU - Ficken, Katherine J.

N1 - © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license

PY - 2015/12/15

Y1 - 2015/12/15

N2 - On Quaternary time scales, the global biogeochemical cycle of silicon is interlocked with the carbon cycle through biotic enhancement of silicate weathering and uptake of dissolved silica by vascular plants and aquatic microalgae (notably diatoms, for which Si is an essential nutrient). Large tropical river systems dominate the export of Si from the continents to the oceans. Here, we investigate variations in Si cycling in the upper White Nile basin over the last 15 ka, using sediment cores from Lakes Victoria and Edward. Coupled measurements of stable O and Si isotopes on diatom separates were used to reconstruct past changes in lake hydrology and Si cycling, while the abundances of lipid biomarkers characteristic of terrestrial/emergent higher plants, submerged/floating aquatic macrophytes and freshwater algae document past ecosystem changes. During the late-glacial to mid-Holocene, 15–5.5 ka BP, orbital forcing greatly enhanced monsoon rainfall, forest cover and chemical weathering. Riverine inputs of dissolved silica from the lake catchments exceeded aquatic demand and may also have had lower Si-isotope values. Since 5.5 ka BP, increasingly dry climates and more open vegetation, reinforced by the spread of agricultural cropland over the last 3–4 ka, have reduced dissolved silica inputs into the lakes. Centennial-to millennial-scale dry episodes are also evident in the isotopic records and merit further investigation.

AB - On Quaternary time scales, the global biogeochemical cycle of silicon is interlocked with the carbon cycle through biotic enhancement of silicate weathering and uptake of dissolved silica by vascular plants and aquatic microalgae (notably diatoms, for which Si is an essential nutrient). Large tropical river systems dominate the export of Si from the continents to the oceans. Here, we investigate variations in Si cycling in the upper White Nile basin over the last 15 ka, using sediment cores from Lakes Victoria and Edward. Coupled measurements of stable O and Si isotopes on diatom separates were used to reconstruct past changes in lake hydrology and Si cycling, while the abundances of lipid biomarkers characteristic of terrestrial/emergent higher plants, submerged/floating aquatic macrophytes and freshwater algae document past ecosystem changes. During the late-glacial to mid-Holocene, 15–5.5 ka BP, orbital forcing greatly enhanced monsoon rainfall, forest cover and chemical weathering. Riverine inputs of dissolved silica from the lake catchments exceeded aquatic demand and may also have had lower Si-isotope values. Since 5.5 ka BP, increasingly dry climates and more open vegetation, reinforced by the spread of agricultural cropland over the last 3–4 ka, have reduced dissolved silica inputs into the lakes. Centennial-to millennial-scale dry episodes are also evident in the isotopic records and merit further investigation.

KW - Late Quaternary

KW - White Nile

KW - Lake Victoria

KW - Lake Edward

KW - Silicon cycle

KW - Diatoms

KW - Oxyge isotopes

KW - Biomarkers

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.028

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.028

M3 - Journal article

VL - 130

SP - 57

EP - 71

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

ER -