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Outbreak of severe vomiting in dogs associated with a canine enteric coronavirus, United Kingdom

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/02/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Emerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number2
Volume27
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)517-528
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date13/01/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The lack of population health surveillance for companion animal populations leaves them vulnerable to the effects of novel diseases without means of early detection. We present evidence on the effectiveness of a system that enabled early detection and rapid response to a canine gastroenteritis outbreak in the United Kingdom. In January 2020, prolific vomiting among dogs was sporadically reported in the United Kingdom. Electronic health records from a nationwide sentinel network of veterinary practices confirmed a significant increase in dogs with signs of gastroenteric disease. Male dogs and dogs living with other vomiting dogs were more likely to be affected. Diet and vaccination status were not associated with the disease; however, a canine enteric coronavirus was significantly associated with illness. The system we describe potentially fills a gap in surveillance in neglected populations and could provide a blueprint for other countries.