Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Outcomes of viscocanalostomy and phaco-viscocan...


Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Outcomes of viscocanalostomy and phaco-viscocanalostomy in patients with advanced glaucoma

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>08/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Graefes Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number8
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)1481-1487
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date22/05/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English


To determine the medium-term outcomes for patients with advanced glaucoma undergoing viscocanalostomy.

All patients with advanced glaucoma (mean deviation (MD) − 12.00 dB or above) and patients with poor visual acuity secondary to advanced glaucoma which precluded formal visual field assessment undergoing viscocanalostomy (VC) and phacoviscocanalostomy between 2010 and 2014 under the care of a single surgical team were included. Intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity (VA) and visual field outcomes were assessed from data prospectively collected into a surgical outcome database.
Success was defined at two IOP cut-off points: IOP ≤ 21 and ≤ 16 mmHg with (qualified) or without (complete) medications.

One hundred thirty-five patients were included. Mean IOP changed from 23.6 ± 6.4 mmHg pre-operatively to 15.3, 15.8 and 14.8 mmHg at 1, 2 and 3 years, a change of 35, 33.5 and 39% respectively. Qualified success for an IOP ≤ 21 mmHg was achieved in 95.66, 90.6 and 80% and complete success in 52.5, 48.6 and 30.6% at year 1, 2 and 3. Qualified success for an IOP ≤
16 mmHg was achieved in 66.6, 66.05 and 60% and complete success in 44.8, 37.6 and 30.6% at year 1, 2 and 3. The cumulative probability for achieving an IOP ≤ 21 mmHg with or without drops was 86.1, 81.4 and 81.4% at 12, 24 and 36 months. Eleven patients (8.1%) failed to achieve adequate IOP control and needed further surgical intervention. Eleven (8.1%) patients needed an
intervention (Yag goniopuncture) following VC. Four patients (2.9%) had some post-operative complications, which resolved within 2 weeks following surgery. Nine patients (6.7%) lost more than 2 Snellen lines. There was no significant change in the MD across time points.

Viscocanalostomy and viscocanalostomy combined with phacoemulsification is a safe and effective method of controlling IOP in the medium term in patients with advanced glaucoma.