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Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma

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Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma. / Crozier, Josh; Tramontano, Samantha ; Forte, Pablo et al.

In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Vol. 430, 107617, 31.10.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Crozier, J, Tramontano, S, Forte, P, Oliva, SJC, Gonnermann, HM, Lev, E, Manga, M, Myers, M, Rader, E, Ruprecht, P, Tuffen, H, Paisley, R, Houghton, BF, Shea, T, Schipper, CI & Castro, JM 2022, 'Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 430, 107617. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107617

APA

Crozier, J., Tramontano, S., Forte, P., Oliva, S. J. C., Gonnermann, H. M., Lev, E., Manga, M., Myers, M., Rader, E., Ruprecht, P., Tuffen, H., Paisley, R., Houghton, B. F., Shea, T., Schipper, C. I., & Castro, J. M. (2022). Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 430, [107617]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107617

Vancouver

Crozier J, Tramontano S, Forte P, Oliva SJC, Gonnermann HM, Lev E et al. Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2022 Oct 31;430:107617. Epub 2022 Jul 14. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107617

Author

Crozier, Josh ; Tramontano, Samantha ; Forte, Pablo et al. / Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma. In: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2022 ; Vol. 430.

Bibtex

@article{8b93da01bf6a43419b2797a1af92a569,
title = "Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma",
abstract = "Several mechanisms have been proposed to allow highly viscous silicic magma to outgas efficiently enough to erupt effusively. There is increasing evidence that challenges the classic foam-collapse model in which gas escapes through permeable bubble networks, and instead suggests that magmatic fracturing and/or accompanying localized fragmentation and welding within the conduit play an important role in outgassing. The 2011–2012 eruption at Cord{\'o}n Caulle volcano, Chile, provides direct observations of the role of magmatic fractures. This eruption exhibited a months-long hybrid phase, in which rhyolitic lava extrusion was accompanied by vigorous gas-and-tephra venting through fractures in the lava dome surface. Some of these fractures were preserved as tuffisites (tephra-filled veins) in erupted lava and bombs. We integrate constraints from petrologic analyses of erupted products and video analyses of gas-and-tephra venting to construct a model for magma ascent in a conduit. The one-dimensional, two-phase, steady-state model considers outgassing through deforming permeable bubble networks, magmatic fractures, and adjacent wall rock. Simulations for a range of plausible magma ascent conditions indicate that the eruption of low-porosity lava observed at Cord{\'o}n Caulle volcano occurs because of significant gas flux through fracture networks in the upper conduit. This modeling emphasizes the important role that outgassing through magmatic fractures plays in sustaining effusive or hybrid eruptions of silicic magma and in facilitating explosive-effusive transitions.",
keywords = "Cord{\'o}n Caulle volcano, Silicic, Hybrid eruption, Tuffisite, Outgassing, Explosive-effusive, Conduit model",
author = "Josh Crozier and Samantha Tramontano and Pablo Forte and Oliva, {Sarah Jaye C.} and Gonnermann, {Helge M.} and Einat Lev and Michael Manga and Madison Myers and Erika Rader and Philipp Ruprecht and Hugh Tuffen and Rebecca Paisley and Houghton, {Bruce F.} and Thomas Shea and Schipper, {C. Ian} and Castro, {Jonathan M.}",
year = "2022",
month = oct,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107617",
language = "English",
volume = "430",
journal = "Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research",
issn = "0377-0273",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Outgassing through magmatic fractures enables effusive eruption of silicic magma

AU - Crozier, Josh

AU - Tramontano, Samantha

AU - Forte, Pablo

AU - Oliva, Sarah Jaye C.

AU - Gonnermann, Helge M.

AU - Lev, Einat

AU - Manga, Michael

AU - Myers, Madison

AU - Rader, Erika

AU - Ruprecht, Philipp

AU - Tuffen, Hugh

AU - Paisley, Rebecca

AU - Houghton, Bruce F.

AU - Shea, Thomas

AU - Schipper, C. Ian

AU - Castro, Jonathan M.

PY - 2022/10/31

Y1 - 2022/10/31

N2 - Several mechanisms have been proposed to allow highly viscous silicic magma to outgas efficiently enough to erupt effusively. There is increasing evidence that challenges the classic foam-collapse model in which gas escapes through permeable bubble networks, and instead suggests that magmatic fracturing and/or accompanying localized fragmentation and welding within the conduit play an important role in outgassing. The 2011–2012 eruption at Cordón Caulle volcano, Chile, provides direct observations of the role of magmatic fractures. This eruption exhibited a months-long hybrid phase, in which rhyolitic lava extrusion was accompanied by vigorous gas-and-tephra venting through fractures in the lava dome surface. Some of these fractures were preserved as tuffisites (tephra-filled veins) in erupted lava and bombs. We integrate constraints from petrologic analyses of erupted products and video analyses of gas-and-tephra venting to construct a model for magma ascent in a conduit. The one-dimensional, two-phase, steady-state model considers outgassing through deforming permeable bubble networks, magmatic fractures, and adjacent wall rock. Simulations for a range of plausible magma ascent conditions indicate that the eruption of low-porosity lava observed at Cordón Caulle volcano occurs because of significant gas flux through fracture networks in the upper conduit. This modeling emphasizes the important role that outgassing through magmatic fractures plays in sustaining effusive or hybrid eruptions of silicic magma and in facilitating explosive-effusive transitions.

AB - Several mechanisms have been proposed to allow highly viscous silicic magma to outgas efficiently enough to erupt effusively. There is increasing evidence that challenges the classic foam-collapse model in which gas escapes through permeable bubble networks, and instead suggests that magmatic fracturing and/or accompanying localized fragmentation and welding within the conduit play an important role in outgassing. The 2011–2012 eruption at Cordón Caulle volcano, Chile, provides direct observations of the role of magmatic fractures. This eruption exhibited a months-long hybrid phase, in which rhyolitic lava extrusion was accompanied by vigorous gas-and-tephra venting through fractures in the lava dome surface. Some of these fractures were preserved as tuffisites (tephra-filled veins) in erupted lava and bombs. We integrate constraints from petrologic analyses of erupted products and video analyses of gas-and-tephra venting to construct a model for magma ascent in a conduit. The one-dimensional, two-phase, steady-state model considers outgassing through deforming permeable bubble networks, magmatic fractures, and adjacent wall rock. Simulations for a range of plausible magma ascent conditions indicate that the eruption of low-porosity lava observed at Cordón Caulle volcano occurs because of significant gas flux through fracture networks in the upper conduit. This modeling emphasizes the important role that outgassing through magmatic fractures plays in sustaining effusive or hybrid eruptions of silicic magma and in facilitating explosive-effusive transitions.

KW - Cordón Caulle volcano

KW - Silicic

KW - Hybrid eruption

KW - Tuffisite

KW - Outgassing

KW - Explosive-effusive

KW - Conduit model

U2 - 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107617

DO - 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2022.107617

M3 - Journal article

VL - 430

JO - Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research

JF - Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research

SN - 0377-0273

M1 - 107617

ER -