Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Parallel lives

Electronic data

  • DixonJPSPfinal2019

    Rights statement: ©American Psychological Association, 2019. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: [ARTICLE DOI]

    Accepted author manuscript, 2.3 MB, PDF document

    Available under license: CC BY-NC: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Parallel lives: Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Parallel lives : Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces. / Dixon, John; Tredoux, Colin; Davies, Gemma; Huck, Jonny; Hocking, Bree; Sturgeon, Brendan; Whyatt, James Duncan; Jarman, Neil; Bryan, Dominic.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 118, No. 3, 31.03.2020, p. 457-480.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Dixon, J, Tredoux, C, Davies, G, Huck, J, Hocking, B, Sturgeon, B, Whyatt, JD, Jarman, N & Bryan, D 2020, 'Parallel lives: Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 457-480. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000191

APA

Dixon, J., Tredoux, C., Davies, G., Huck, J., Hocking, B., Sturgeon, B., Whyatt, J. D., Jarman, N., & Bryan, D. (2020). Parallel lives: Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 118(3), 457-480. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000191

Vancouver

Dixon J, Tredoux C, Davies G, Huck J, Hocking B, Sturgeon B et al. Parallel lives: Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2020 Mar 31;118(3):457-480. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000191

Author

Dixon, John ; Tredoux, Colin ; Davies, Gemma ; Huck, Jonny ; Hocking, Bree ; Sturgeon, Brendan ; Whyatt, James Duncan ; Jarman, Neil ; Bryan, Dominic. / Parallel lives : Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2020 ; Vol. 118, No. 3. pp. 457-480.

Bibtex

@article{130c9058415c4923b64efb375a13ecc8,
title = "Parallel lives: Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces",
abstract = "Although intergroup contact can reduce prejudice, opportunities to experience such contact are often constrained by systems of segregation. Work on this problem has focused on divisions entrenched within institutions of residence, education, and employment. Our research employed a complementary approach, which treated segregation as the outcome of individuals{\textquoteright} movements over time within everyday life spaces. Taking as a case study Catholics{\textquoteright} and Protestants{\textquoteright} use of public environments in north Belfast, we used GPS tracking technology, combined with GIS analytics, to explore the time geography of residents{\textquoteright} activity space use over a 2-week period (Study 1). We also conducted a field survey to explore how psychological factors shaped their willingness to use activity spaces beyond their own communities (Study 2). Analysis based on around 1,000 hr of raw movement data revealed that north Belfast is marked by high levels of segregation, expressed via residents{\textquoteright} limited use of public spaces, facilities, and pathways located in outgroup areas. However, use of shared spaces is also common, with Catholics spending more time in such spaces than Protestants. Structural equation modeling suggested that residents{\textquoteright} self-reported willingness to use activity spaces outside their own communities was associated with both negative and positive intergroup contact—relationships partially mediated by realistic threat, symbolic threat, and anxiety over interaction across sectarian lines. Both kinds of contact and realistic threat were also associated with the time residents actually spent in spaces beyond their own communities. Opportunities for integrating psychological and geographic research on contact and segregation are highlighted.",
author = "John Dixon and Colin Tredoux and Gemma Davies and Jonny Huck and Bree Hocking and Brendan Sturgeon and Whyatt, {James Duncan} and Neil Jarman and Dominic Bryan",
note = "{\textcopyright}American Psychological Association, 2019. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at:10.1037/pspi0000191",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1037/pspi0000191",
language = "English",
volume = "118",
pages = "457--480",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parallel lives

T2 - Intergroup contact, threat and the segregation of everyday activity spaces

AU - Dixon, John

AU - Tredoux, Colin

AU - Davies, Gemma

AU - Huck, Jonny

AU - Hocking, Bree

AU - Sturgeon, Brendan

AU - Whyatt, James Duncan

AU - Jarman, Neil

AU - Bryan, Dominic

N1 - ©American Psychological Association, 2019. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at:10.1037/pspi0000191

PY - 2020/3/31

Y1 - 2020/3/31

N2 - Although intergroup contact can reduce prejudice, opportunities to experience such contact are often constrained by systems of segregation. Work on this problem has focused on divisions entrenched within institutions of residence, education, and employment. Our research employed a complementary approach, which treated segregation as the outcome of individuals’ movements over time within everyday life spaces. Taking as a case study Catholics’ and Protestants’ use of public environments in north Belfast, we used GPS tracking technology, combined with GIS analytics, to explore the time geography of residents’ activity space use over a 2-week period (Study 1). We also conducted a field survey to explore how psychological factors shaped their willingness to use activity spaces beyond their own communities (Study 2). Analysis based on around 1,000 hr of raw movement data revealed that north Belfast is marked by high levels of segregation, expressed via residents’ limited use of public spaces, facilities, and pathways located in outgroup areas. However, use of shared spaces is also common, with Catholics spending more time in such spaces than Protestants. Structural equation modeling suggested that residents’ self-reported willingness to use activity spaces outside their own communities was associated with both negative and positive intergroup contact—relationships partially mediated by realistic threat, symbolic threat, and anxiety over interaction across sectarian lines. Both kinds of contact and realistic threat were also associated with the time residents actually spent in spaces beyond their own communities. Opportunities for integrating psychological and geographic research on contact and segregation are highlighted.

AB - Although intergroup contact can reduce prejudice, opportunities to experience such contact are often constrained by systems of segregation. Work on this problem has focused on divisions entrenched within institutions of residence, education, and employment. Our research employed a complementary approach, which treated segregation as the outcome of individuals’ movements over time within everyday life spaces. Taking as a case study Catholics’ and Protestants’ use of public environments in north Belfast, we used GPS tracking technology, combined with GIS analytics, to explore the time geography of residents’ activity space use over a 2-week period (Study 1). We also conducted a field survey to explore how psychological factors shaped their willingness to use activity spaces beyond their own communities (Study 2). Analysis based on around 1,000 hr of raw movement data revealed that north Belfast is marked by high levels of segregation, expressed via residents’ limited use of public spaces, facilities, and pathways located in outgroup areas. However, use of shared spaces is also common, with Catholics spending more time in such spaces than Protestants. Structural equation modeling suggested that residents’ self-reported willingness to use activity spaces outside their own communities was associated with both negative and positive intergroup contact—relationships partially mediated by realistic threat, symbolic threat, and anxiety over interaction across sectarian lines. Both kinds of contact and realistic threat were also associated with the time residents actually spent in spaces beyond their own communities. Opportunities for integrating psychological and geographic research on contact and segregation are highlighted.

U2 - 10.1037/pspi0000191

DO - 10.1037/pspi0000191

M3 - Journal article

VL - 118

SP - 457

EP - 480

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 3

ER -