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Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait

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Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait. / Gevao, Bondi; Al-Omair, Ali; Sweetman, Andy; Al-Ali, Lulwa; Al-Bahloul, Majed; Helaleh, Murad; Zafar, Jamal.

In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 25, No. 6, 06.2006, p. 1496-1502.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Gevao, B, Al-Omair, A, Sweetman, A, Al-Ali, L, Al-Bahloul, M, Helaleh, M & Zafar, J 2006, 'Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait', Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1496-1502. https://doi.org/10.1897/05-442R.1

APA

Gevao, B., Al-Omair, A., Sweetman, A., Al-Ali, L., Al-Bahloul, M., Helaleh, M., & Zafar, J. (2006). Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 25(6), 1496-1502. https://doi.org/10.1897/05-442R.1

Vancouver

Gevao B, Al-Omair A, Sweetman A, Al-Ali L, Al-Bahloul M, Helaleh M et al. Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2006 Jun;25(6):1496-1502. https://doi.org/10.1897/05-442R.1

Author

Gevao, Bondi ; Al-Omair, Ali ; Sweetman, Andy ; Al-Ali, Lulwa ; Al-Bahloul, Majed ; Helaleh, Murad ; Zafar, Jamal. / Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait. In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2006 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 1496-1502.

Bibtex

@article{8fc0799ed44648f499e91db6c3c6ae34,
title = "Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait",
abstract = "The present study presents, to our knowledge, the first ambient air data for a range of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Kuwait. This was achieved by concurrently deploying polyurethane foam–disk passive samplers at 14 sites over a six-week period. Calculated mean Σ5PBDE concentrations (sum of brominated diphenyl ethers [BDEs] 47, 99, 100, 153, and 154) ranged from 2.5 to 32 pg/m3 of air, with BDE 47 contributing between 39 and 65% of the ΣPBDEs detected. Differences in relative concentrations were observed between sites, with higher concentrations measured close to suspected sources. Calculated ΣPAH concentrations ranged from 5 to 13 ng/m3 (mean, 8.3 ng/m3). The compound distribution was dominated by three- and four-ring compounds, which constituted approximately 90% of the ΣPAHs, with phenanthrene contributing approximately 35%. However, the proportion of five- and six-ring PAHs increased around the “oil lakes,” which were formed by the torching of oil wells during the 1991 Gulf War. The oil lakes are a reservoir of PAHs that will continue feeding the atmosphere as long as they remain untreated.",
keywords = "Oil lakes, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Polybrominated diphenyl ethers, Passive samplers",
author = "Bondi Gevao and Ali Al-Omair and Andy Sweetman and Lulwa Al-Ali and Majed Al-Bahloul and Murad Helaleh and Jamal Zafar",
year = "2006",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1897/05-442R.1",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "1496--1502",
journal = "Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry",
issn = "0730-7268",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Passive-sampler derived air concentrations fo polybrominated diphenyl ethers and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Kuwait

AU - Gevao, Bondi

AU - Al-Omair, Ali

AU - Sweetman, Andy

AU - Al-Ali, Lulwa

AU - Al-Bahloul, Majed

AU - Helaleh, Murad

AU - Zafar, Jamal

PY - 2006/6

Y1 - 2006/6

N2 - The present study presents, to our knowledge, the first ambient air data for a range of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Kuwait. This was achieved by concurrently deploying polyurethane foam–disk passive samplers at 14 sites over a six-week period. Calculated mean Σ5PBDE concentrations (sum of brominated diphenyl ethers [BDEs] 47, 99, 100, 153, and 154) ranged from 2.5 to 32 pg/m3 of air, with BDE 47 contributing between 39 and 65% of the ΣPBDEs detected. Differences in relative concentrations were observed between sites, with higher concentrations measured close to suspected sources. Calculated ΣPAH concentrations ranged from 5 to 13 ng/m3 (mean, 8.3 ng/m3). The compound distribution was dominated by three- and four-ring compounds, which constituted approximately 90% of the ΣPAHs, with phenanthrene contributing approximately 35%. However, the proportion of five- and six-ring PAHs increased around the “oil lakes,” which were formed by the torching of oil wells during the 1991 Gulf War. The oil lakes are a reservoir of PAHs that will continue feeding the atmosphere as long as they remain untreated.

AB - The present study presents, to our knowledge, the first ambient air data for a range of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Kuwait. This was achieved by concurrently deploying polyurethane foam–disk passive samplers at 14 sites over a six-week period. Calculated mean Σ5PBDE concentrations (sum of brominated diphenyl ethers [BDEs] 47, 99, 100, 153, and 154) ranged from 2.5 to 32 pg/m3 of air, with BDE 47 contributing between 39 and 65% of the ΣPBDEs detected. Differences in relative concentrations were observed between sites, with higher concentrations measured close to suspected sources. Calculated ΣPAH concentrations ranged from 5 to 13 ng/m3 (mean, 8.3 ng/m3). The compound distribution was dominated by three- and four-ring compounds, which constituted approximately 90% of the ΣPAHs, with phenanthrene contributing approximately 35%. However, the proportion of five- and six-ring PAHs increased around the “oil lakes,” which were formed by the torching of oil wells during the 1991 Gulf War. The oil lakes are a reservoir of PAHs that will continue feeding the atmosphere as long as they remain untreated.

KW - Oil lakes

KW - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

KW - Polybrominated diphenyl ethers

KW - Passive samplers

U2 - 10.1897/05-442R.1

DO - 10.1897/05-442R.1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 25

SP - 1496

EP - 1502

JO - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

JF - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SN - 0730-7268

IS - 6

ER -