Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease: Multiple interacting causes against which amyloid precursor protein protects

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease : Multiple interacting causes against which amyloid precursor protein protects. / Shah, A.F.; Morris, J.A.; Wray, M.

In: Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 143, 110035, 10.10.2020.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Shah AF, Morris JA, Wray M. Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease: Multiple interacting causes against which amyloid precursor protein protects. Medical Hypotheses. 2020 Oct 10;143:110035. Epub 2020 Jun 25. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2020.110035

Author

Shah, A.F. ; Morris, J.A. ; Wray, M. / Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease : Multiple interacting causes against which amyloid precursor protein protects. In: Medical Hypotheses. 2020 ; Vol. 143.

Bibtex

@article{b24f6bae4434443aba3bf884ed489d53,
title = "Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease: Multiple interacting causes against which amyloid precursor protein protects",
abstract = "Alzheimer's disease is the commonest form of senile dementia. It is characterised by neuronal cell death and amyloid deposition. Amyloid precursor protein (APP), which is highly conserved in evolution, is expressed in neurones in response to a wide range of damaging agents. The hypothesis proposed is that APP has a protective function to counter damage but if it fails and the neurone dies then breakdown products of APP miss-fold and lead to amyloid deposition. This fits with the evidence that amyloid deposition is a consequence rather than a cause of cell death. Germ line mutations in APP impair the protective role and lead to increased neuronal loss in response to damage. This leads to early onset and severe Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation, infection, hypoxia, trauma and pollution are damaging agents which interact to cause the disease. The bacteria which cause chronic periodontitis appear to have a significant role. Prevention needs to focus on avoiding trauma, reducing pollution and improving dental hygiene. Furthermore we should attempt to optimise the oral microbial flora by suppressing the growth of pathogenic bacteria that cause gum disease and the bacterial pathogens in the oropharynx that cause life threatening infections following viral upper respiratory infections. This leads to a key research question: does the regular consumption of natural live yoghurt reduce the carriage of periodontal and oropharyngeal bacterial pathogens? Theoretical considerations indicate it should and if so regular natural live yoghurt consumption could be an important preventive agent. {\textcopyright} 2020 The Authors",
keywords = "Alzheimer's disease, Amyloid precursor protein, Chronic periodontitis, Magnetite particulates, Systemic inflammation, Trauma, Yoghurt",
author = "A.F. Shah and J.A. Morris and M. Wray",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.mehy.2020.110035",
language = "English",
volume = "143",
journal = "Medical Hypotheses",
issn = "0306-9877",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease

T2 - Multiple interacting causes against which amyloid precursor protein protects

AU - Shah, A.F.

AU - Morris, J.A.

AU - Wray, M.

PY - 2020/10/10

Y1 - 2020/10/10

N2 - Alzheimer's disease is the commonest form of senile dementia. It is characterised by neuronal cell death and amyloid deposition. Amyloid precursor protein (APP), which is highly conserved in evolution, is expressed in neurones in response to a wide range of damaging agents. The hypothesis proposed is that APP has a protective function to counter damage but if it fails and the neurone dies then breakdown products of APP miss-fold and lead to amyloid deposition. This fits with the evidence that amyloid deposition is a consequence rather than a cause of cell death. Germ line mutations in APP impair the protective role and lead to increased neuronal loss in response to damage. This leads to early onset and severe Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation, infection, hypoxia, trauma and pollution are damaging agents which interact to cause the disease. The bacteria which cause chronic periodontitis appear to have a significant role. Prevention needs to focus on avoiding trauma, reducing pollution and improving dental hygiene. Furthermore we should attempt to optimise the oral microbial flora by suppressing the growth of pathogenic bacteria that cause gum disease and the bacterial pathogens in the oropharynx that cause life threatening infections following viral upper respiratory infections. This leads to a key research question: does the regular consumption of natural live yoghurt reduce the carriage of periodontal and oropharyngeal bacterial pathogens? Theoretical considerations indicate it should and if so regular natural live yoghurt consumption could be an important preventive agent. © 2020 The Authors

AB - Alzheimer's disease is the commonest form of senile dementia. It is characterised by neuronal cell death and amyloid deposition. Amyloid precursor protein (APP), which is highly conserved in evolution, is expressed in neurones in response to a wide range of damaging agents. The hypothesis proposed is that APP has a protective function to counter damage but if it fails and the neurone dies then breakdown products of APP miss-fold and lead to amyloid deposition. This fits with the evidence that amyloid deposition is a consequence rather than a cause of cell death. Germ line mutations in APP impair the protective role and lead to increased neuronal loss in response to damage. This leads to early onset and severe Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation, infection, hypoxia, trauma and pollution are damaging agents which interact to cause the disease. The bacteria which cause chronic periodontitis appear to have a significant role. Prevention needs to focus on avoiding trauma, reducing pollution and improving dental hygiene. Furthermore we should attempt to optimise the oral microbial flora by suppressing the growth of pathogenic bacteria that cause gum disease and the bacterial pathogens in the oropharynx that cause life threatening infections following viral upper respiratory infections. This leads to a key research question: does the regular consumption of natural live yoghurt reduce the carriage of periodontal and oropharyngeal bacterial pathogens? Theoretical considerations indicate it should and if so regular natural live yoghurt consumption could be an important preventive agent. © 2020 The Authors

KW - Alzheimer's disease

KW - Amyloid precursor protein

KW - Chronic periodontitis

KW - Magnetite particulates

KW - Systemic inflammation

KW - Trauma

KW - Yoghurt

U2 - 10.1016/j.mehy.2020.110035

DO - 10.1016/j.mehy.2020.110035

M3 - Journal article

VL - 143

JO - Medical Hypotheses

JF - Medical Hypotheses

SN - 0306-9877

M1 - 110035

ER -