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Patient Work and Their Contexts: Scoping Review

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Patient Work and Their Contexts : Scoping Review. / Yin, Kathleen; Jung, Joshua; Coiera, Enrico; Laranjo, Liliana; Blandford, Ann; Khoja, Adeel; Tai, Wan-Tien; Phillips, Daniel Psillakis; Lau, Annie Y S.

In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 22, No. 6, e16656, 02.06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Yin, K, Jung, J, Coiera, E, Laranjo, L, Blandford, A, Khoja, A, Tai, W-T, Phillips, DP & Lau, AYS 2020, 'Patient Work and Their Contexts: Scoping Review', Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 22, no. 6, e16656. https://doi.org/10.2196/16656

APA

Yin, K., Jung, J., Coiera, E., Laranjo, L., Blandford, A., Khoja, A., Tai, W-T., Phillips, D. P., & Lau, A. Y. S. (2020). Patient Work and Their Contexts: Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(6), [e16656]. https://doi.org/10.2196/16656

Vancouver

Yin K, Jung J, Coiera E, Laranjo L, Blandford A, Khoja A et al. Patient Work and Their Contexts: Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2020 Jun 2;22(6). e16656. https://doi.org/10.2196/16656

Author

Yin, Kathleen ; Jung, Joshua ; Coiera, Enrico ; Laranjo, Liliana ; Blandford, Ann ; Khoja, Adeel ; Tai, Wan-Tien ; Phillips, Daniel Psillakis ; Lau, Annie Y S. / Patient Work and Their Contexts : Scoping Review. In: Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2020 ; Vol. 22, No. 6.

Bibtex

@article{23db5b5c694540e8a67f4d2e89709e61,
title = "Patient Work and Their Contexts: Scoping Review",
abstract = "Background: Having patients self-manage their health conditions is a widely promoted concept, but many patients struggle to practice it effectively. Moreover, few studies have analyzed the nature of work required from patients and how such work fits into the context of their daily life.Objective: This study aimed to review the characteristics of patient work in adult patients. Patient work refers to tasks that health conditions impose on patients (eg, taking medications) within a system of contextual factors.Methods: A systematic scoping review was conducted using narrative synthesis. Data were extracted from PubMed, Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO, including studies from August 2013 to August 2018. The included studies focused on adult patients and assessed one or more of the following: (1) physical health–related tasks, (2) cognitive health–related tasks, or (3) contextual factors affecting these tasks. Tasks were categorized according to the themes that emerged: (1) if the task is always visible to others or can be cognitive, (2) if the task must be conducted collaboratively or can be conducted alone, and (3) if the task was done with the purpose of creating resources. Contextual factors were grouped according to the level at which they exert influence (micro, meso, or macro) and where they fit in the patient work system (the macroergonomic layer of physical, social, and organizational factors; the mesoergonomic layer of household and community; and the microergonomic triad of person-task-tools).Results: In total, 67 publications were included, with 58 original research articles and 9 review articles. A variety of patient work tasks were observed, ranging from physical and tangible tasks (such as taking medications and visiting health care professionals) to psychological and social tasks (such as creating coping strategies). Patient work was affected by a range of contextual factors on the micro, meso, or macro levels. Our results indicate that most patient work was done alone, in private, and often imposing cognitive burden with low amounts of support.Conclusions: This review sought to provide insight into the work burden of health management from a patient perspective and how patient context influences such work. For many patients, health-related work is ever present, invisible, and overwhelming. When researchers and clinicians design and implement patient-facing interventions, it is important to understand how the extra work impacts one{\textquoteright}s internal state and coping strategy, how such work fits into daily routines, and if these changes could be maintained in the long term.",
keywords = "self-care, burden of illness, self-management",
author = "Kathleen Yin and Joshua Jung and Enrico Coiera and Liliana Laranjo and Ann Blandford and Adeel Khoja and Wan-Tien Tai and Phillips, {Daniel Psillakis} and Lau, {Annie Y S}",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
day = "2",
doi = "10.2196/16656",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "Journal of Medical Internet Research",
issn = "1439-4456",
publisher = "JMIR PUBLICATIONS, INC",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patient Work and Their Contexts

T2 - Scoping Review

AU - Yin, Kathleen

AU - Jung, Joshua

AU - Coiera, Enrico

AU - Laranjo, Liliana

AU - Blandford, Ann

AU - Khoja, Adeel

AU - Tai, Wan-Tien

AU - Phillips, Daniel Psillakis

AU - Lau, Annie Y S

PY - 2020/6/2

Y1 - 2020/6/2

N2 - Background: Having patients self-manage their health conditions is a widely promoted concept, but many patients struggle to practice it effectively. Moreover, few studies have analyzed the nature of work required from patients and how such work fits into the context of their daily life.Objective: This study aimed to review the characteristics of patient work in adult patients. Patient work refers to tasks that health conditions impose on patients (eg, taking medications) within a system of contextual factors.Methods: A systematic scoping review was conducted using narrative synthesis. Data were extracted from PubMed, Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO, including studies from August 2013 to August 2018. The included studies focused on adult patients and assessed one or more of the following: (1) physical health–related tasks, (2) cognitive health–related tasks, or (3) contextual factors affecting these tasks. Tasks were categorized according to the themes that emerged: (1) if the task is always visible to others or can be cognitive, (2) if the task must be conducted collaboratively or can be conducted alone, and (3) if the task was done with the purpose of creating resources. Contextual factors were grouped according to the level at which they exert influence (micro, meso, or macro) and where they fit in the patient work system (the macroergonomic layer of physical, social, and organizational factors; the mesoergonomic layer of household and community; and the microergonomic triad of person-task-tools).Results: In total, 67 publications were included, with 58 original research articles and 9 review articles. A variety of patient work tasks were observed, ranging from physical and tangible tasks (such as taking medications and visiting health care professionals) to psychological and social tasks (such as creating coping strategies). Patient work was affected by a range of contextual factors on the micro, meso, or macro levels. Our results indicate that most patient work was done alone, in private, and often imposing cognitive burden with low amounts of support.Conclusions: This review sought to provide insight into the work burden of health management from a patient perspective and how patient context influences such work. For many patients, health-related work is ever present, invisible, and overwhelming. When researchers and clinicians design and implement patient-facing interventions, it is important to understand how the extra work impacts one’s internal state and coping strategy, how such work fits into daily routines, and if these changes could be maintained in the long term.

AB - Background: Having patients self-manage their health conditions is a widely promoted concept, but many patients struggle to practice it effectively. Moreover, few studies have analyzed the nature of work required from patients and how such work fits into the context of their daily life.Objective: This study aimed to review the characteristics of patient work in adult patients. Patient work refers to tasks that health conditions impose on patients (eg, taking medications) within a system of contextual factors.Methods: A systematic scoping review was conducted using narrative synthesis. Data were extracted from PubMed, Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO, including studies from August 2013 to August 2018. The included studies focused on adult patients and assessed one or more of the following: (1) physical health–related tasks, (2) cognitive health–related tasks, or (3) contextual factors affecting these tasks. Tasks were categorized according to the themes that emerged: (1) if the task is always visible to others or can be cognitive, (2) if the task must be conducted collaboratively or can be conducted alone, and (3) if the task was done with the purpose of creating resources. Contextual factors were grouped according to the level at which they exert influence (micro, meso, or macro) and where they fit in the patient work system (the macroergonomic layer of physical, social, and organizational factors; the mesoergonomic layer of household and community; and the microergonomic triad of person-task-tools).Results: In total, 67 publications were included, with 58 original research articles and 9 review articles. A variety of patient work tasks were observed, ranging from physical and tangible tasks (such as taking medications and visiting health care professionals) to psychological and social tasks (such as creating coping strategies). Patient work was affected by a range of contextual factors on the micro, meso, or macro levels. Our results indicate that most patient work was done alone, in private, and often imposing cognitive burden with low amounts of support.Conclusions: This review sought to provide insight into the work burden of health management from a patient perspective and how patient context influences such work. For many patients, health-related work is ever present, invisible, and overwhelming. When researchers and clinicians design and implement patient-facing interventions, it is important to understand how the extra work impacts one’s internal state and coping strategy, how such work fits into daily routines, and if these changes could be maintained in the long term.

KW - self-care

KW - burden of illness

KW - self-management

U2 - 10.2196/16656

DO - 10.2196/16656

M3 - Journal article

VL - 22

JO - Journal of Medical Internet Research

JF - Journal of Medical Internet Research

SN - 1439-4456

IS - 6

M1 - e16656

ER -