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Performance analysis and optimization of multiple IIoT devices radio frequency energy harvesting NOMA mobile edge computing networks

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>15/09/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>Alexandria Engineering Journal
Number of pages20
Pages (from-to)1-20
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date4/08/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In this day and age, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has been considered to revolutionize industrial manufacturing by capturing and accessing massive data sources with incredible speed and efficiency than before. Combined with it, Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) is a comprehensive Digital Transformation tendency to solve the problems Cloud computing faces. However, the fundamental challenges of energy and latency make deploying IIoT MEC networks difficult. Accordingly, this paper considers the efficient design of time allocation for successful computation probability (SCP) maximization for multiple energy-constrained mobile devices (MD) and multiple antennas access point (AP) in uplink radio frequency energy harvesting (RF EH) non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) IIoT network. Specifically, multiple MDs need to receive the energy and compute support of a MEC server placed in a multiple antenna wireless AP to complete the task immediately. Accordingly, a four-phase communication protocol is proposed to ensure system performance. The system follows the cluster head (CH) scheme based on the channel state information (CSI) to harvest RF energy from the AP. To ensure the highest system performance, we propose two algorithms for determining the optimal EH time for two CHs: SCPM-GSS and SCPM-GA. In addition, we derive the closed-form expressions for the SCP of the system and each CH. Monte Carlo simulations are used to verify the results of the analysis. The numerical results demonstrate the effects of crucial system parameters of our proposed NOMA scheme with those of conventional orthogonal multiple access (OMA) schemes. Furthermore, the proposed optimization algorithms allow the system to avoid outages like the random parameters setting approach and improve the SCP by 3 to 30% compared to the fixed parameters set when the transmit power is low and medium.