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Performance optimization of a hybrid PV/T solar system using Soybean oil/MXene nanofluids as A new class of heat transfer fluids

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Performance optimization of a hybrid PV/T solar system using Soybean oil/MXene nanofluids as A new class of heat transfer fluids. / Rubbi, F.; Habib, K.; Saidur, R. et al.

In: Solar Energy, Vol. 208, 15.09.2020, p. 124-138.

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Rubbi F, Habib K, Saidur R, Aslfattahi N, Yahya SM, Das L. Performance optimization of a hybrid PV/T solar system using Soybean oil/MXene nanofluids as A new class of heat transfer fluids. Solar Energy. 2020 Sep 15;208:124-138. Epub 2020 Aug 1. doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2020.07.060

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@article{88ac9c31507c4ee3a75589059c33bd16,
title = "Performance optimization of a hybrid PV/T solar system using Soybean oil/MXene nanofluids as A new class of heat transfer fluids",
abstract = "In this research, a new class of nanofluid is successfully formulated from Soybean oil and MXene (Ti3C2) particles to implement as working fluid on a hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV/T) solar collector for performance optimization. This study emphasizes on the preparation of the Soybean oil/MXene (SO/Ti3C2) nanofluid, optical and thermal characterization of the nanofluid including suspension stability. The SO/Ti3C2 nanofluid samples are formulated suspending two-dimensional (2D) MXene particles at 0.025–0.125 wt% concentrations into pure Soybean oil. SEM, UV–vis, FTIR and TGA analysis are performed for morphology, optical and thermal stability characterization respectively. Achieved thermal conductivity results of SO/Ti3C2 nanofluid for 0.125 wt% of Ti3C2 exhibited 60.82% enhancement at 55 °C compared to pure Soybean oil. The specific heat capacity (cp) of formulated nanofluids is measured employing a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Maximum cp augmentation is found to be 24.49% at 0.125 wt% loading of Ti3C2 in the base oil. Numerical implementation of the prepared SO/Ti3C2 nanofluids on PV/T is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics software resulted noteworthy improvement compared to conventional water, Alumina/water and MXene/palm oil nanofluids as working fluid. Overall thermal effectiveness of the PV/T system is achieved 84.25% using SO/Ti3C2 nanofluids at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. Furthermore, employing the nanofluids electrical output of the PV/T is improved by 15.44% in comparison with water/alumina nanofluids at an irradiance of 1000 W/m2 and mass flow rate of 0.07 kg/s. The stated findings indicate overall effectiveness of the Soybean oil based MXene nanofluids over conventional fluids used for cooling purpose in the PV/T collector. ",
keywords = "Hybrid PV/T system, MXene, Nanofluids, Soybean oil, Stability, Thermal and optical properties",
author = "F. Rubbi and K. Habib and R. Saidur and N. Aslfattahi and S.M. Yahya and L. Das",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.solener.2020.07.060",
language = "English",
volume = "208",
pages = "124--138",
journal = "Solar Energy",
issn = "0038-092X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance optimization of a hybrid PV/T solar system using Soybean oil/MXene nanofluids as A new class of heat transfer fluids

AU - Rubbi, F.

AU - Habib, K.

AU - Saidur, R.

AU - Aslfattahi, N.

AU - Yahya, S.M.

AU - Das, L.

PY - 2020/9/15

Y1 - 2020/9/15

N2 - In this research, a new class of nanofluid is successfully formulated from Soybean oil and MXene (Ti3C2) particles to implement as working fluid on a hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV/T) solar collector for performance optimization. This study emphasizes on the preparation of the Soybean oil/MXene (SO/Ti3C2) nanofluid, optical and thermal characterization of the nanofluid including suspension stability. The SO/Ti3C2 nanofluid samples are formulated suspending two-dimensional (2D) MXene particles at 0.025–0.125 wt% concentrations into pure Soybean oil. SEM, UV–vis, FTIR and TGA analysis are performed for morphology, optical and thermal stability characterization respectively. Achieved thermal conductivity results of SO/Ti3C2 nanofluid for 0.125 wt% of Ti3C2 exhibited 60.82% enhancement at 55 °C compared to pure Soybean oil. The specific heat capacity (cp) of formulated nanofluids is measured employing a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Maximum cp augmentation is found to be 24.49% at 0.125 wt% loading of Ti3C2 in the base oil. Numerical implementation of the prepared SO/Ti3C2 nanofluids on PV/T is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics software resulted noteworthy improvement compared to conventional water, Alumina/water and MXene/palm oil nanofluids as working fluid. Overall thermal effectiveness of the PV/T system is achieved 84.25% using SO/Ti3C2 nanofluids at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. Furthermore, employing the nanofluids electrical output of the PV/T is improved by 15.44% in comparison with water/alumina nanofluids at an irradiance of 1000 W/m2 and mass flow rate of 0.07 kg/s. The stated findings indicate overall effectiveness of the Soybean oil based MXene nanofluids over conventional fluids used for cooling purpose in the PV/T collector.

AB - In this research, a new class of nanofluid is successfully formulated from Soybean oil and MXene (Ti3C2) particles to implement as working fluid on a hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV/T) solar collector for performance optimization. This study emphasizes on the preparation of the Soybean oil/MXene (SO/Ti3C2) nanofluid, optical and thermal characterization of the nanofluid including suspension stability. The SO/Ti3C2 nanofluid samples are formulated suspending two-dimensional (2D) MXene particles at 0.025–0.125 wt% concentrations into pure Soybean oil. SEM, UV–vis, FTIR and TGA analysis are performed for morphology, optical and thermal stability characterization respectively. Achieved thermal conductivity results of SO/Ti3C2 nanofluid for 0.125 wt% of Ti3C2 exhibited 60.82% enhancement at 55 °C compared to pure Soybean oil. The specific heat capacity (cp) of formulated nanofluids is measured employing a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Maximum cp augmentation is found to be 24.49% at 0.125 wt% loading of Ti3C2 in the base oil. Numerical implementation of the prepared SO/Ti3C2 nanofluids on PV/T is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics software resulted noteworthy improvement compared to conventional water, Alumina/water and MXene/palm oil nanofluids as working fluid. Overall thermal effectiveness of the PV/T system is achieved 84.25% using SO/Ti3C2 nanofluids at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. Furthermore, employing the nanofluids electrical output of the PV/T is improved by 15.44% in comparison with water/alumina nanofluids at an irradiance of 1000 W/m2 and mass flow rate of 0.07 kg/s. The stated findings indicate overall effectiveness of the Soybean oil based MXene nanofluids over conventional fluids used for cooling purpose in the PV/T collector.

KW - Hybrid PV/T system

KW - MXene

KW - Nanofluids

KW - Soybean oil

KW - Stability

KW - Thermal and optical properties

U2 - 10.1016/j.solener.2020.07.060

DO - 10.1016/j.solener.2020.07.060

M3 - Journal article

VL - 208

SP - 124

EP - 138

JO - Solar Energy

JF - Solar Energy

SN - 0038-092X

ER -