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Perspective-taking across cultures: shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults

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Perspective-taking across cultures : shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults. / Wang, Jen Jessica; Tseng, Philip; Juan, Chi-Hung et al.

In: Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 6, 190540, 06.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Wang, JJ, Tseng, P, Juan, C-H, Frisson, S & Apperly, I 2019, 'Perspective-taking across cultures: shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults', Royal Society Open Science, vol. 6, 190540. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190540

APA

Wang, J. J., Tseng, P., Juan, C-H., Frisson, S., & Apperly, I. (2019). Perspective-taking across cultures: shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults. Royal Society Open Science, 6, [190540]. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190540

Vancouver

Wang JJ, Tseng P, Juan C-H, Frisson S, Apperly I. Perspective-taking across cultures: shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults. Royal Society Open Science. 2019 Nov 6;6:190540. doi: 10.1098/rsos.190540

Author

Wang, Jen Jessica ; Tseng, Philip ; Juan, Chi-Hung et al. / Perspective-taking across cultures : shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults. In: Royal Society Open Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6.

Bibtex

@article{d3e72c0762ac454a9e8a3ac778ce671b,
title = "Perspective-taking across cultures: shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults",
abstract = "The influential hypothesis by Markus & Kitayama (Markus, Kitayama 1991. Psychol. Rev.98, 224) postulates that individuals from interdependent cultures place others above self in interpersonal contexts. This led to the prediction and finding that individuals from interdependent cultures are less egocentric than those from independent cultures (Wu, Barr, Gann, Keysar 2013. Front. Hum. Neurosci.7, 1–7; Wu, Keysar. 2007 Psychol. Sci.18, 600–606). However, variation in egocentrism can only provide indirect evidence for the Markus and Kitayama hypothesis. The current study sought direct evidence by giving British (independent) and Taiwanese (interdependent) participants two perspective-taking tasks on which an other-focused {\textquoteleft}altercentric{\textquoteright} processing bias might be observed. One task assessed the calculation of simple perspectives; the other assessed the use of others' perspectives in communication. Sixty-two Taiwanese and British adults were tested in their native languages at their home institutions of study. Results revealed similar degrees of both altercentric and egocentric interference between the two cultural groups. This is the first evidence that listeners account for a speaker's limited perspective at the cost of their own performance. Furthermore, the shared biases point towards similarities rather than differences in perspective-taking across cultures.",
keywords = "theory of mind, Referential communication, Cross-cultural, perspective-taking, altercentric interference",
author = "Wang, {Jen Jessica} and Philip Tseng and Chi-Hung Juan and Steven Frisson and Ian Apperly",
year = "2019",
month = nov,
day = "6",
doi = "10.1098/rsos.190540",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Royal Society Open Science",
issn = "2054-5703",
publisher = "The Royal Society",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perspective-taking across cultures

T2 - shared biases in Taiwanese and British adults

AU - Wang, Jen Jessica

AU - Tseng, Philip

AU - Juan, Chi-Hung

AU - Frisson, Steven

AU - Apperly, Ian

PY - 2019/11/6

Y1 - 2019/11/6

N2 - The influential hypothesis by Markus & Kitayama (Markus, Kitayama 1991. Psychol. Rev.98, 224) postulates that individuals from interdependent cultures place others above self in interpersonal contexts. This led to the prediction and finding that individuals from interdependent cultures are less egocentric than those from independent cultures (Wu, Barr, Gann, Keysar 2013. Front. Hum. Neurosci.7, 1–7; Wu, Keysar. 2007 Psychol. Sci.18, 600–606). However, variation in egocentrism can only provide indirect evidence for the Markus and Kitayama hypothesis. The current study sought direct evidence by giving British (independent) and Taiwanese (interdependent) participants two perspective-taking tasks on which an other-focused ‘altercentric’ processing bias might be observed. One task assessed the calculation of simple perspectives; the other assessed the use of others' perspectives in communication. Sixty-two Taiwanese and British adults were tested in their native languages at their home institutions of study. Results revealed similar degrees of both altercentric and egocentric interference between the two cultural groups. This is the first evidence that listeners account for a speaker's limited perspective at the cost of their own performance. Furthermore, the shared biases point towards similarities rather than differences in perspective-taking across cultures.

AB - The influential hypothesis by Markus & Kitayama (Markus, Kitayama 1991. Psychol. Rev.98, 224) postulates that individuals from interdependent cultures place others above self in interpersonal contexts. This led to the prediction and finding that individuals from interdependent cultures are less egocentric than those from independent cultures (Wu, Barr, Gann, Keysar 2013. Front. Hum. Neurosci.7, 1–7; Wu, Keysar. 2007 Psychol. Sci.18, 600–606). However, variation in egocentrism can only provide indirect evidence for the Markus and Kitayama hypothesis. The current study sought direct evidence by giving British (independent) and Taiwanese (interdependent) participants two perspective-taking tasks on which an other-focused ‘altercentric’ processing bias might be observed. One task assessed the calculation of simple perspectives; the other assessed the use of others' perspectives in communication. Sixty-two Taiwanese and British adults were tested in their native languages at their home institutions of study. Results revealed similar degrees of both altercentric and egocentric interference between the two cultural groups. This is the first evidence that listeners account for a speaker's limited perspective at the cost of their own performance. Furthermore, the shared biases point towards similarities rather than differences in perspective-taking across cultures.

KW - theory of mind

KW - Referential communication

KW - Cross-cultural

KW - perspective-taking

KW - altercentric interference

U2 - 10.1098/rsos.190540

DO - 10.1098/rsos.190540

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

JO - Royal Society Open Science

JF - Royal Society Open Science

SN - 2054-5703

M1 - 190540

ER -