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Photo-oxidative stress markers reveal absence of physiological deterioration with ageing in Borderea pyrenaica, an extraordinarily long-lived herb

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Photo-oxidative stress markers reveal absence of physiological deterioration with ageing in Borderea pyrenaica, an extraordinarily long-lived herb. / Morales, Melanie; Onate Gutierrez, Marta; Garcia, Maria B. et al.

In: Journal of Ecology, Vol. 101, No. 3, 05.2013, p. 555-565.

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Morales M, Onate Gutierrez M, Garcia MB, Munne-Bosch S. Photo-oxidative stress markers reveal absence of physiological deterioration with ageing in Borderea pyrenaica, an extraordinarily long-lived herb. Journal of Ecology. 2013 May;101(3):555-565. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12080

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@article{73c1e71ebc714e9e820b104c450f7e97,
title = "Photo-oxidative stress markers reveal absence of physiological deterioration with ageing in Borderea pyrenaica, an extraordinarily long-lived herb",
abstract = "In animals, age-associated disorders are believed to be connected to shifts in the antioxidant/pro-oxidant balance in favour of oxidative stress. However, the contribution of oxidative stress to ageing in long-lived perennials has not been explored to date. Here, we tested age- and sex-related changes in several photo-oxidative stress markers in Borderea pyrenaica, a small dioecious geophyte relict of the Tertiary with one of the longest life spans ever recorded for a non-clonal herb (more than 300years). Given that survival increases with age in B.pyrenaica, we hypothesized that oxidative stress does not increase with ageing because the species develops improved anti-oxidant defence. In three field samplings performed during 2008, 2010 and 2011 in the Central Pyrenees (NE Spain), we examined the effects of ageing and sex on photosynthetic pigment levels, PSII integrity (Fv/Fm ratio), lipid peroxidation, and the extent of photo and anti-oxidant protection in chloroplasts. Furthermore, we explored whether age and sex affect plant response to severe natural desiccation. Both male and female plants maintained chlorophyll levels intact, as well as the Fv/Fm ratio and the levels of lipid peroxidation, irrespective of age. This finding suggests the absence of age-associated oxidative stress at the organismal level. Furthermore, photoprotection mechanisms were found to be similarly efficient in the oldest individuals as in juvenile plants, in terms of xanthophyll cycle de-epoxidation and accumulation of low-molecular-weight antioxidants (carotenoids and tocopherols). Indeed, females over 100years of age were the most resistant to severe desiccation, maintaining higher leaf hydration levels, less chlorophyll degradation and better PSII integrity under stress than females below 100years, males below or above 100years, and juveniles. Synthesis. Neither males nor females of the extraordinarily long-lived B.pyrenaica show age-dependent signs of oxidative stress. This observation suggests that age-induced oxidative stress is not a universal feature of ageing in perennial plants. Indeed, females older than 100years showed signs of negative senescence, in that they registered improved physiological performance with increasing age.",
keywords = "ageing, anti-oxidants, dioecy, ecophysiology, geophyte, maturity, negative senescence, oxidative stress, perennial herb, photoprotection, LEAF SENESCENCE, OXIDATIVE STRESS, BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, PERENNIAL HERB, CISTUS-CLUSII, PLANT, SEX, AGE",
author = "Melanie Morales and {Onate Gutierrez}, Marta and Garcia, {Maria B.} and Sergi Munne-Bosch",
year = "2013",
month = may,
doi = "10.1111/1365-2745.12080",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "555--565",
journal = "Journal of Ecology",
issn = "0022-0477",
publisher = "Blackwell-Wiley",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Photo-oxidative stress markers reveal absence of physiological deterioration with ageing in Borderea pyrenaica, an extraordinarily long-lived herb

AU - Morales, Melanie

AU - Onate Gutierrez, Marta

AU - Garcia, Maria B.

AU - Munne-Bosch, Sergi

PY - 2013/5

Y1 - 2013/5

N2 - In animals, age-associated disorders are believed to be connected to shifts in the antioxidant/pro-oxidant balance in favour of oxidative stress. However, the contribution of oxidative stress to ageing in long-lived perennials has not been explored to date. Here, we tested age- and sex-related changes in several photo-oxidative stress markers in Borderea pyrenaica, a small dioecious geophyte relict of the Tertiary with one of the longest life spans ever recorded for a non-clonal herb (more than 300years). Given that survival increases with age in B.pyrenaica, we hypothesized that oxidative stress does not increase with ageing because the species develops improved anti-oxidant defence. In three field samplings performed during 2008, 2010 and 2011 in the Central Pyrenees (NE Spain), we examined the effects of ageing and sex on photosynthetic pigment levels, PSII integrity (Fv/Fm ratio), lipid peroxidation, and the extent of photo and anti-oxidant protection in chloroplasts. Furthermore, we explored whether age and sex affect plant response to severe natural desiccation. Both male and female plants maintained chlorophyll levels intact, as well as the Fv/Fm ratio and the levels of lipid peroxidation, irrespective of age. This finding suggests the absence of age-associated oxidative stress at the organismal level. Furthermore, photoprotection mechanisms were found to be similarly efficient in the oldest individuals as in juvenile plants, in terms of xanthophyll cycle de-epoxidation and accumulation of low-molecular-weight antioxidants (carotenoids and tocopherols). Indeed, females over 100years of age were the most resistant to severe desiccation, maintaining higher leaf hydration levels, less chlorophyll degradation and better PSII integrity under stress than females below 100years, males below or above 100years, and juveniles. Synthesis. Neither males nor females of the extraordinarily long-lived B.pyrenaica show age-dependent signs of oxidative stress. This observation suggests that age-induced oxidative stress is not a universal feature of ageing in perennial plants. Indeed, females older than 100years showed signs of negative senescence, in that they registered improved physiological performance with increasing age.

AB - In animals, age-associated disorders are believed to be connected to shifts in the antioxidant/pro-oxidant balance in favour of oxidative stress. However, the contribution of oxidative stress to ageing in long-lived perennials has not been explored to date. Here, we tested age- and sex-related changes in several photo-oxidative stress markers in Borderea pyrenaica, a small dioecious geophyte relict of the Tertiary with one of the longest life spans ever recorded for a non-clonal herb (more than 300years). Given that survival increases with age in B.pyrenaica, we hypothesized that oxidative stress does not increase with ageing because the species develops improved anti-oxidant defence. In three field samplings performed during 2008, 2010 and 2011 in the Central Pyrenees (NE Spain), we examined the effects of ageing and sex on photosynthetic pigment levels, PSII integrity (Fv/Fm ratio), lipid peroxidation, and the extent of photo and anti-oxidant protection in chloroplasts. Furthermore, we explored whether age and sex affect plant response to severe natural desiccation. Both male and female plants maintained chlorophyll levels intact, as well as the Fv/Fm ratio and the levels of lipid peroxidation, irrespective of age. This finding suggests the absence of age-associated oxidative stress at the organismal level. Furthermore, photoprotection mechanisms were found to be similarly efficient in the oldest individuals as in juvenile plants, in terms of xanthophyll cycle de-epoxidation and accumulation of low-molecular-weight antioxidants (carotenoids and tocopherols). Indeed, females over 100years of age were the most resistant to severe desiccation, maintaining higher leaf hydration levels, less chlorophyll degradation and better PSII integrity under stress than females below 100years, males below or above 100years, and juveniles. Synthesis. Neither males nor females of the extraordinarily long-lived B.pyrenaica show age-dependent signs of oxidative stress. This observation suggests that age-induced oxidative stress is not a universal feature of ageing in perennial plants. Indeed, females older than 100years showed signs of negative senescence, in that they registered improved physiological performance with increasing age.

KW - ageing

KW - anti-oxidants

KW - dioecy

KW - ecophysiology

KW - geophyte

KW - maturity

KW - negative senescence

KW - oxidative stress

KW - perennial herb

KW - photoprotection

KW - LEAF SENESCENCE

KW - OXIDATIVE STRESS

KW - BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE

KW - ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA

KW - LIPID-PEROXIDATION

KW - PERENNIAL HERB

KW - CISTUS-CLUSII

KW - PLANT

KW - SEX

KW - AGE

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2745.12080

DO - 10.1111/1365-2745.12080

M3 - Journal article

VL - 101

SP - 555

EP - 565

JO - Journal of Ecology

JF - Journal of Ecology

SN - 0022-0477

IS - 3

ER -