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Photoreduction of CO2 using [Ru(bpy)(2)(CO)L](n+) catalysts in biphasic solution/supercritical CO2 systems

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>7/10/2013
<mark>Journal</mark>Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number19
Volume52
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)10949-10957
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The reduction of CO2 in a biphasic liquid-condensed gas system was investigated as a function of the CO2 pressure. Using 1-benzyl-1,4-dihydronicotinamide (BNAH) as sacrificial electron donor dissolved in a dimethylformamide-water mixture and [Ru(bpy)(2)(CO)L](n+) as a catalyst and [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+) as a photosensitizer, the reaction was found to produce a mixture of CO and formate, in total about 250 mu mol after just 2 h. As CO2 pressure increases, CO formation is greatly favored, being four times greater than that of formate in aqueous systems. In contrast, formate production was independent of CO2 pressure, present at about 50 mu mol. Using TEOA as a solvent instead of water created a single-phase supercritical system and greatly favored formate synthesis, but similarly increasing CO2 concentration favored the CO catalytic cycle. Under optimum conditions, a turnover number (TON) of 125 was obtained. Further investigations of the component limits led to an unprecedented TON of over 1000, and an initial turnover frequency (TOF) of 1600 h(-1).