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Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species.

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Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species. / Hector, A.; Wilby, Andrew; Latsch, O. et al.

In: Basic and Applied Ecology, Vol. 5, No. 4, 09.2004, p. 313-320.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Hector A, Wilby A, Latsch O, Brown V. Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species. Basic and Applied Ecology. 2004 Sep;5(4):313-320. doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2004.06.001

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Hector, A. ; Wilby, Andrew ; Latsch, O. et al. / Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species. In: Basic and Applied Ecology. 2004 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 313-320.

Bibtex

@article{0f929157d82948419b8b0e72f6a3a41a,
title = "Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species.",
abstract = "1. We tested three pesticides used for field manipulations of herbivory for direct phytoactive effects on the germination and growth of 14 herbaceous plant species selected to provide a range of life-history strategies and functional groups. 2. We report three companion experiments: (A) Two insecticides, chlorpyrifos (granular soil insecticide) and dimethoate (foliar spray), were applied in fully-factorial combination to pot-germinated individuals of 12 species. (B) The same fully-factorial design was used to test for direct effects on the germination of four herbaceous legumes. (C) The molluscicide, metaldehyde, was tested for direct effects on the germination and growth of six plant species. 3. The insecticides had few significant effects on growth and germination. Dimethoate acted only on growth stimulating Anisantha sterilis, Sonchus asper and Stellaria graminea. In contrast, chlorpyrifos acted on germination increasing the germination of Trifolium dubium and Trifolium pratense. There was also a significant interactive effect of chlorpyrifos and dimethoate on the germination of T. pratense. However, all effects were relatively small in magnitude and explanatory power. The molluscicide had no significant effect on plant germination or growth. 4. The small number and size of direct effects of the pesticides on plant performance is encouraging for the use of these pesticides in manipulative experiments on herbivory, especially for the molluscicide. However, a small number of direct (positive) effects of the insecticides on some plant species need to be taken into account when interpreting field manipulations of herbivory with these compounds, and emphasises the importance of conducting tests for direct phyto-active effects.",
keywords = "Herbivory, Phyto-toxicity, Phyto-stimulation, Insecticide, Molluscicide, Chlorpyrifos, Dimethoate, Metaldehyde, Dursban",
author = "A. Hector and Andrew Wilby and O. Latsch and V. Brown",
year = "2004",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.baae.2004.06.001",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "313--320",
journal = "Basic and Applied Ecology",
issn = "1439-1791",
publisher = "Urban und Fischer Verlag Jena",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phyto-activity of biocides used to manipulate herbivory : tests of three pesticides on fourteen plant species.

AU - Hector, A.

AU - Wilby, Andrew

AU - Latsch, O.

AU - Brown, V.

PY - 2004/9

Y1 - 2004/9

N2 - 1. We tested three pesticides used for field manipulations of herbivory for direct phytoactive effects on the germination and growth of 14 herbaceous plant species selected to provide a range of life-history strategies and functional groups. 2. We report three companion experiments: (A) Two insecticides, chlorpyrifos (granular soil insecticide) and dimethoate (foliar spray), were applied in fully-factorial combination to pot-germinated individuals of 12 species. (B) The same fully-factorial design was used to test for direct effects on the germination of four herbaceous legumes. (C) The molluscicide, metaldehyde, was tested for direct effects on the germination and growth of six plant species. 3. The insecticides had few significant effects on growth and germination. Dimethoate acted only on growth stimulating Anisantha sterilis, Sonchus asper and Stellaria graminea. In contrast, chlorpyrifos acted on germination increasing the germination of Trifolium dubium and Trifolium pratense. There was also a significant interactive effect of chlorpyrifos and dimethoate on the germination of T. pratense. However, all effects were relatively small in magnitude and explanatory power. The molluscicide had no significant effect on plant germination or growth. 4. The small number and size of direct effects of the pesticides on plant performance is encouraging for the use of these pesticides in manipulative experiments on herbivory, especially for the molluscicide. However, a small number of direct (positive) effects of the insecticides on some plant species need to be taken into account when interpreting field manipulations of herbivory with these compounds, and emphasises the importance of conducting tests for direct phyto-active effects.

AB - 1. We tested three pesticides used for field manipulations of herbivory for direct phytoactive effects on the germination and growth of 14 herbaceous plant species selected to provide a range of life-history strategies and functional groups. 2. We report three companion experiments: (A) Two insecticides, chlorpyrifos (granular soil insecticide) and dimethoate (foliar spray), were applied in fully-factorial combination to pot-germinated individuals of 12 species. (B) The same fully-factorial design was used to test for direct effects on the germination of four herbaceous legumes. (C) The molluscicide, metaldehyde, was tested for direct effects on the germination and growth of six plant species. 3. The insecticides had few significant effects on growth and germination. Dimethoate acted only on growth stimulating Anisantha sterilis, Sonchus asper and Stellaria graminea. In contrast, chlorpyrifos acted on germination increasing the germination of Trifolium dubium and Trifolium pratense. There was also a significant interactive effect of chlorpyrifos and dimethoate on the germination of T. pratense. However, all effects were relatively small in magnitude and explanatory power. The molluscicide had no significant effect on plant germination or growth. 4. The small number and size of direct effects of the pesticides on plant performance is encouraging for the use of these pesticides in manipulative experiments on herbivory, especially for the molluscicide. However, a small number of direct (positive) effects of the insecticides on some plant species need to be taken into account when interpreting field manipulations of herbivory with these compounds, and emphasises the importance of conducting tests for direct phyto-active effects.

KW - Herbivory

KW - Phyto-toxicity

KW - Phyto-stimulation

KW - Insecticide

KW - Molluscicide

KW - Chlorpyrifos

KW - Dimethoate

KW - Metaldehyde

KW - Dursban

U2 - 10.1016/j.baae.2004.06.001

DO - 10.1016/j.baae.2004.06.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 5

SP - 313

EP - 320

JO - Basic and Applied Ecology

JF - Basic and Applied Ecology

SN - 1439-1791

IS - 4

ER -