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Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States. / Caspersen, Nina.

In: The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 44, No. 4, 12.2009, p. 47-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Caspersen, N 2009, 'Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States.', The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 47-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/03932720903351146

APA

Caspersen, N. (2009). Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States. The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, 44(4), 47-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/03932720903351146

Vancouver

Caspersen N. Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States. The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs. 2009 Dec;44(4):47-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/03932720903351146

Author

Caspersen, Nina. / Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States. In: The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs. 2009 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 47-60.

Bibtex

@article{adda54b1c9b5432a87572b3bd116ed56,
title = "Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States.",
abstract = "It is impossible to understand the creation and continued survival of de facto states without reference to external actors. External patrons provide vital support and the international system constrains and shapes these aspiring states. The relationship is, however, not one-sided, and these entities are not merely puppets. In fact external dependence creates significant dilemmas for de facto states: it undercuts their de facto independence and contradicts their strategy for gaining international recognition, thereby undermining their long-term sustainability. The dilemmas facing de facto states have been accentuated by the recent recognition of Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia.",
author = "Nina Caspersen",
year = "2009",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1080/03932720903351146",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "47--60",
journal = "The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs",
issn = "0393-2729",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Playing the Recognition Game: External Actors and De Facto States.

AU - Caspersen, Nina

PY - 2009/12

Y1 - 2009/12

N2 - It is impossible to understand the creation and continued survival of de facto states without reference to external actors. External patrons provide vital support and the international system constrains and shapes these aspiring states. The relationship is, however, not one-sided, and these entities are not merely puppets. In fact external dependence creates significant dilemmas for de facto states: it undercuts their de facto independence and contradicts their strategy for gaining international recognition, thereby undermining their long-term sustainability. The dilemmas facing de facto states have been accentuated by the recent recognition of Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

AB - It is impossible to understand the creation and continued survival of de facto states without reference to external actors. External patrons provide vital support and the international system constrains and shapes these aspiring states. The relationship is, however, not one-sided, and these entities are not merely puppets. In fact external dependence creates significant dilemmas for de facto states: it undercuts their de facto independence and contradicts their strategy for gaining international recognition, thereby undermining their long-term sustainability. The dilemmas facing de facto states have been accentuated by the recent recognition of Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

U2 - 10.1080/03932720903351146

DO - 10.1080/03932720903351146

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 47

EP - 60

JO - The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs

JF - The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs

SN - 0393-2729

IS - 4

ER -