Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > PLK1 regulates the PrimPol damage tolerance pat...


Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

PLK1 regulates the PrimPol damage tolerance pathway during the cell cycle

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • L.J. Bailey
  • R. Teague
  • P. Kolesar
  • L.J. Bainbridge
  • H.D. Lindsay
  • A.J. Doherty
Article numbereabh1004
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>3/12/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Science Advances
Issue number49
Number of pages16
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Replication stress and DNA damage stall replication forks and impede genome synthesis. During S phase, damage tolerance pathways allow lesion bypass to ensure efficient genome duplication. One such pathway is repriming, mediated by Primase-Polymerase (PrimPol) in human cells. However, the mechanisms by which PrimPol is regulated are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that PrimPol is phosphorylated by Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) at a conserved residue between PrimPol’s RPA binding motifs. This phosphorylation is differentially modified throughout the cell cycle, which prevents aberrant recruitment of PrimPol to chromatin. Phosphorylation can also be delayed and reversed in response to replication stress. The absence of PLK1-dependent regulation of PrimPol induces phenotypes including chromosome breaks, micronuclei, and decreased survival after treatment with camptothecin, olaparib, and UV-C. Together, these findings establish that deregulated repriming leads to genomic instability, highlighting the importance of regulating this damage tolerance pathway following fork stalling and throughout the cell cycle.