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Positive risk management: staff perspectives in acute mental health inpatient settings

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>25/01/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number4
Volume77
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)1899-1910
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Aims
To explore inpatient staff's understanding and implementation of positive risk management.

Background
Risk management is an essential skill for staff working in acute mental health inpatient settings. National policies advocate the use of positive risk management as a form of collaborative, recovery-focused risk management. However, little is known about how staff understand, operationalize, and use positive risk management in practice.

Design
Qualitative reflexive thematic analysis study.

Methods
The authors recruited a purposive sample of healthcare professionals working in acute inpatient settings (N = 16) in 2019 across three National Health Service Trusts in the North-West of England. Participants completed semi-structured interviews which were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.

Results
The analysis generated three themes: (a) within staff barriers; (b) within service user barriers; and (c) delivery in practice.

Conclusion
Understanding and implementation of positive risk management was dependant on multiple factors, including staffs’ beliefs about mental health, levels of worry and anxiety, and amount of experience and seniority. Staff were more likely to use positive risk management with service users that they perceived as being trustworthy and less risky. Use of positive risk management was reliant on the support practitioners received, how able they were to view situations from multiple perspectives, and the degree to which they felt able to prioritize positive risk management.

Impact
Although staff expressed the desire and intention to practice positive risk management, the current study highlights challenges around operationalization and implementation. The authors discuss the clinical implications of the findings.