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Potential of global croplands and bioenergy crops for climate change mitigation through deployment for enhanced weathering

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Potential of global croplands and bioenergy crops for climate change mitigation through deployment for enhanced weathering. / Kantola, I.B.; Masters, M.D.; Beerling, D.J.; Long, S.P.; DeLucia, E.H.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 13, No. 4, 20160714, 05.04.2017.

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Kantola, I.B. ; Masters, M.D. ; Beerling, D.J. ; Long, S.P. ; DeLucia, E.H. / Potential of global croplands and bioenergy crops for climate change mitigation through deployment for enhanced weathering. In: Biology Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 13, No. 4.

Bibtex

@article{c4260be8cb2c4d27aa05eaa8f2afccea,
title = "Potential of global croplands and bioenergy crops for climate change mitigation through deployment for enhanced weathering",
abstract = "Conventional row crop agriculture for both food and fuel is a source of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere, and intensifying production on agricultural land increases the potential for soil C loss and soil acidification due to fertilizer use. Enhanced weathering (EW) in agricultural soils-applying crushed silicate rock as a soil amendment-is a method for combating global climate change while increasing nutrient availability to plants. EW uses land that is already producing food and fuel to sequester carbon (C), and reduces N2O loss through pH buffering. As biofuel use increases, EW in bioenergy crops offers the opportunity to sequester CO2 while reducing fossil fuel combustion. Uncertainties remain in the long-term effects and global implications of large-scale efforts to directly manipulate Earth's atmospheric CO2 composition, but EW in agricultural lands is an opportunity to employ these soils to sequester atmospheric C while benefitting crop production and the global climate. {\textcopyright} 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Agriculture, Basalt, Biofuels, Carbon sequestration, Global climate change, Silicate weathering, agricultural emission, agricultural land, agricultural soil, atmosphere-biosphere interaction, basalt, bioenergy, carbon dioxide, carbon sequestration, climate change, crop production, energy crop, global climate, mitigation, nitrous oxide, nutrient availability, soil carbon, weathering, agriculture, climate, crop, soil, Carbon Dioxide, Climate, Climate Change, Crops, Agricultural, Soil",
author = "I.B. Kantola and M.D. Masters and D.J. Beerling and S.P. Long and E.H. DeLucia",
year = "2017",
month = apr,
day = "5",
doi = "10.1098/rsbl.2016.0714",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "Biology Letters",
issn = "1744-9561",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Potential of global croplands and bioenergy crops for climate change mitigation through deployment for enhanced weathering

AU - Kantola, I.B.

AU - Masters, M.D.

AU - Beerling, D.J.

AU - Long, S.P.

AU - DeLucia, E.H.

PY - 2017/4/5

Y1 - 2017/4/5

N2 - Conventional row crop agriculture for both food and fuel is a source of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere, and intensifying production on agricultural land increases the potential for soil C loss and soil acidification due to fertilizer use. Enhanced weathering (EW) in agricultural soils-applying crushed silicate rock as a soil amendment-is a method for combating global climate change while increasing nutrient availability to plants. EW uses land that is already producing food and fuel to sequester carbon (C), and reduces N2O loss through pH buffering. As biofuel use increases, EW in bioenergy crops offers the opportunity to sequester CO2 while reducing fossil fuel combustion. Uncertainties remain in the long-term effects and global implications of large-scale efforts to directly manipulate Earth's atmospheric CO2 composition, but EW in agricultural lands is an opportunity to employ these soils to sequester atmospheric C while benefitting crop production and the global climate. © 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

AB - Conventional row crop agriculture for both food and fuel is a source of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere, and intensifying production on agricultural land increases the potential for soil C loss and soil acidification due to fertilizer use. Enhanced weathering (EW) in agricultural soils-applying crushed silicate rock as a soil amendment-is a method for combating global climate change while increasing nutrient availability to plants. EW uses land that is already producing food and fuel to sequester carbon (C), and reduces N2O loss through pH buffering. As biofuel use increases, EW in bioenergy crops offers the opportunity to sequester CO2 while reducing fossil fuel combustion. Uncertainties remain in the long-term effects and global implications of large-scale efforts to directly manipulate Earth's atmospheric CO2 composition, but EW in agricultural lands is an opportunity to employ these soils to sequester atmospheric C while benefitting crop production and the global climate. © 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

KW - Agriculture

KW - Basalt

KW - Biofuels

KW - Carbon sequestration

KW - Global climate change

KW - Silicate weathering

KW - agricultural emission

KW - agricultural land

KW - agricultural soil

KW - atmosphere-biosphere interaction

KW - basalt

KW - bioenergy

KW - carbon dioxide

KW - carbon sequestration

KW - climate change

KW - crop production

KW - energy crop

KW - global climate

KW - mitigation

KW - nitrous oxide

KW - nutrient availability

KW - soil carbon

KW - weathering

KW - agriculture

KW - climate

KW - crop

KW - soil

KW - Carbon Dioxide

KW - Climate

KW - Climate Change

KW - Crops, Agricultural

KW - Soil

U2 - 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0714

DO - 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0714

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

JO - Biology Letters

JF - Biology Letters

SN - 1744-9561

IS - 4

M1 - 20160714

ER -