- Power Output and Efficiency of Beta-emitting Microspheres
**Rights statement:**The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Radiation Physics and Chemistry 106, 2015, © ELSEVIER.Accepted author manuscript, 461 KB, PDF document

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**Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres.** / Cheneler, David; Ward, Michael C L.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review

Cheneler, D & Ward, MCL 2015, 'Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres', *Radiation Physics and Chemistry*, vol. 106, pp. 204-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.07.019

Cheneler, D., & Ward, M. C. L. (2015). Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres. *Radiation Physics and Chemistry*, *106*, 204-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.07.019

Cheneler D, Ward MCL. Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2015 Jan;106:204-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.07.019

@article{8a8008917cdc42939679cf79b76bcd78,

title = "Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres",

abstract = "Current standard methods to calculate the dose of radiation emitted during medical applications by beta-minus emitting microspheres rely on an over-simplistic formalism. This formalism is a function of the average activity of the radioisotope used and the physiological dimensions of the patient only. It neglects the variation in energy of the emitted beta particle due to self-attenuation, or self-absorption, effects related to the finite size of the sphere. Here it is assumed the sphere is comprised of a pure radioisotope with beta particles being emitted isotropically throughout the material. The full initial possible kinetic energy distribution of a beta particle is taken into account as well as the energy losses due to scattering by other atoms in the microsphere and bremsstrahlung radiation. By combining Longmire{\textquoteright}s theory of the mean forward range of charged particles and the Rayleigh distribution to take into account the statistical nature of scattering and energy straggling, the linear attenuation, or self-absorption, coefficient for beta-emitting radioisotopes has been deduced. By analogy with gamma radiation transport in spheres, this result was used to calculate the rate of energy emitted by a beta-emitting microsphere and its efficiency. Comparisons to standard point dose kernel formulations generated using Monte Carlo data show the efficacy of the proposed method. Yttrium-90 is used as a specific example throughout, as a medically significant radioisotope, frequently used in radiation therapy for treating cancer.",

keywords = "Self-absorption, Beta-decay , Dosimetry , Y-90 , Microspheres , Mass attenuation",

author = "David Cheneler and Ward, {Michael C L}",

note = "The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Radiation Physics and Chemistry 106, 2015, {\textcopyright} ELSEVIER.",

year = "2015",

month = jan,

doi = "10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.07.019",

language = "English",

volume = "106",

pages = "204--212",

journal = "Radiation Physics and Chemistry",

issn = "0969-806X",

publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Power output and efficiency of beta-emitting microspheres

AU - Cheneler, David

AU - Ward, Michael C L

N1 - The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Radiation Physics and Chemistry 106, 2015, © ELSEVIER.

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - Current standard methods to calculate the dose of radiation emitted during medical applications by beta-minus emitting microspheres rely on an over-simplistic formalism. This formalism is a function of the average activity of the radioisotope used and the physiological dimensions of the patient only. It neglects the variation in energy of the emitted beta particle due to self-attenuation, or self-absorption, effects related to the finite size of the sphere. Here it is assumed the sphere is comprised of a pure radioisotope with beta particles being emitted isotropically throughout the material. The full initial possible kinetic energy distribution of a beta particle is taken into account as well as the energy losses due to scattering by other atoms in the microsphere and bremsstrahlung radiation. By combining Longmire’s theory of the mean forward range of charged particles and the Rayleigh distribution to take into account the statistical nature of scattering and energy straggling, the linear attenuation, or self-absorption, coefficient for beta-emitting radioisotopes has been deduced. By analogy with gamma radiation transport in spheres, this result was used to calculate the rate of energy emitted by a beta-emitting microsphere and its efficiency. Comparisons to standard point dose kernel formulations generated using Monte Carlo data show the efficacy of the proposed method. Yttrium-90 is used as a specific example throughout, as a medically significant radioisotope, frequently used in radiation therapy for treating cancer.

AB - Current standard methods to calculate the dose of radiation emitted during medical applications by beta-minus emitting microspheres rely on an over-simplistic formalism. This formalism is a function of the average activity of the radioisotope used and the physiological dimensions of the patient only. It neglects the variation in energy of the emitted beta particle due to self-attenuation, or self-absorption, effects related to the finite size of the sphere. Here it is assumed the sphere is comprised of a pure radioisotope with beta particles being emitted isotropically throughout the material. The full initial possible kinetic energy distribution of a beta particle is taken into account as well as the energy losses due to scattering by other atoms in the microsphere and bremsstrahlung radiation. By combining Longmire’s theory of the mean forward range of charged particles and the Rayleigh distribution to take into account the statistical nature of scattering and energy straggling, the linear attenuation, or self-absorption, coefficient for beta-emitting radioisotopes has been deduced. By analogy with gamma radiation transport in spheres, this result was used to calculate the rate of energy emitted by a beta-emitting microsphere and its efficiency. Comparisons to standard point dose kernel formulations generated using Monte Carlo data show the efficacy of the proposed method. Yttrium-90 is used as a specific example throughout, as a medically significant radioisotope, frequently used in radiation therapy for treating cancer.

KW - Self-absorption

KW - Beta-decay

KW - Dosimetry

KW - Y-90

KW - Microspheres

KW - Mass attenuation

U2 - 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.07.019

DO - 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.07.019

M3 - Journal article

VL - 106

SP - 204

EP - 212

JO - Radiation Physics and Chemistry

JF - Radiation Physics and Chemistry

SN - 0969-806X

ER -