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Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and 'Risk' in the news

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Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and 'Risk' in the news. / Collins, Luke.

In: Journal of Risk Research, 08.03.2021.

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@article{3abfdd0adc014a57a46fb8c62b8f3878,
title = "Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and 'Risk' in the news",
abstract = "This study investigates 'risk' as discussed in news coverage and in relation to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): a treatment that has been proven to restrict the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the U.S. and the U.K. & Ireland, there are issues concerning the provision and take-up of PrEP, which can lead to health inequalities. Raising awareness and tackling stigma are priorities in ensuring that those who would benefit from PrEP can access it, since these are reported to be obstacles to potential users seeking out the treatment. The media has been shown to be an important resource for public understanding of health issues and there is evidence to suggest that the news media have contributed to the uncertainty and stigma around PrEP (Schwartz and Grimm 2016; Mowlabocus 2019), which has discouraged some from supporting and taking PrEP. In this study, I examine a corpus of 1424 news articles on PrEP (1 017 743 words) from the U.S. and the U.K. & Ireland, in the period 2016-2019. Using methods from corpus linguistics, I show that forms of 'risk' appear to a statistically significant degree in the data, providing a quantitative basis on which to explore these in more detail. Focusing on publications that use a high proportion of 'risk' words (compared with the overall average), I show that the focus on various risks associated with PrEP differs according to publication and that references to 'risk' are used both to advocate for the wider provision of PrEP and to caution against the effects of providing PrEP, i.e. concerns about 'risk compensation'. Corpus methods are shown to augment existing studies of PrEP coverage, providing a systematic method for identifying recurrent lexical features in the data and thereby showing how we can report the linguistic aspects of risk representation.",
keywords = "corpus linguistics, news coverage, pre-exposure prophylaxis, risk compensation",
author = "Luke Collins",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "8",
doi = "10.1080/13669877.2021.1894470",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Risk Research",
issn = "1366-9877",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and 'Risk' in the news

AU - Collins, Luke

PY - 2021/3/8

Y1 - 2021/3/8

N2 - This study investigates 'risk' as discussed in news coverage and in relation to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): a treatment that has been proven to restrict the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the U.S. and the U.K. & Ireland, there are issues concerning the provision and take-up of PrEP, which can lead to health inequalities. Raising awareness and tackling stigma are priorities in ensuring that those who would benefit from PrEP can access it, since these are reported to be obstacles to potential users seeking out the treatment. The media has been shown to be an important resource for public understanding of health issues and there is evidence to suggest that the news media have contributed to the uncertainty and stigma around PrEP (Schwartz and Grimm 2016; Mowlabocus 2019), which has discouraged some from supporting and taking PrEP. In this study, I examine a corpus of 1424 news articles on PrEP (1 017 743 words) from the U.S. and the U.K. & Ireland, in the period 2016-2019. Using methods from corpus linguistics, I show that forms of 'risk' appear to a statistically significant degree in the data, providing a quantitative basis on which to explore these in more detail. Focusing on publications that use a high proportion of 'risk' words (compared with the overall average), I show that the focus on various risks associated with PrEP differs according to publication and that references to 'risk' are used both to advocate for the wider provision of PrEP and to caution against the effects of providing PrEP, i.e. concerns about 'risk compensation'. Corpus methods are shown to augment existing studies of PrEP coverage, providing a systematic method for identifying recurrent lexical features in the data and thereby showing how we can report the linguistic aspects of risk representation.

AB - This study investigates 'risk' as discussed in news coverage and in relation to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): a treatment that has been proven to restrict the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the U.S. and the U.K. & Ireland, there are issues concerning the provision and take-up of PrEP, which can lead to health inequalities. Raising awareness and tackling stigma are priorities in ensuring that those who would benefit from PrEP can access it, since these are reported to be obstacles to potential users seeking out the treatment. The media has been shown to be an important resource for public understanding of health issues and there is evidence to suggest that the news media have contributed to the uncertainty and stigma around PrEP (Schwartz and Grimm 2016; Mowlabocus 2019), which has discouraged some from supporting and taking PrEP. In this study, I examine a corpus of 1424 news articles on PrEP (1 017 743 words) from the U.S. and the U.K. & Ireland, in the period 2016-2019. Using methods from corpus linguistics, I show that forms of 'risk' appear to a statistically significant degree in the data, providing a quantitative basis on which to explore these in more detail. Focusing on publications that use a high proportion of 'risk' words (compared with the overall average), I show that the focus on various risks associated with PrEP differs according to publication and that references to 'risk' are used both to advocate for the wider provision of PrEP and to caution against the effects of providing PrEP, i.e. concerns about 'risk compensation'. Corpus methods are shown to augment existing studies of PrEP coverage, providing a systematic method for identifying recurrent lexical features in the data and thereby showing how we can report the linguistic aspects of risk representation.

KW - corpus linguistics

KW - news coverage

KW - pre-exposure prophylaxis

KW - risk compensation

U2 - 10.1080/13669877.2021.1894470

DO - 10.1080/13669877.2021.1894470

M3 - Journal article

JO - Journal of Risk Research

JF - Journal of Risk Research

SN - 1366-9877

ER -