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Preparation and characterization of carbon black diamond composite electrodes for anodic degradation of phenol

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>20/01/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Electrochimica Acta
Volume153
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)379-384
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date27/11/14
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Carbon black diamond (CBD) composite electrodes have been prepared with different percentages of carbon black (5% (5CBD), 20% (20CBD) and 40% (40CBD) as the conductive agent. This article reports for the first time the electrochemical behavior of CBD electrodes. The electrochemical properties of these three electrodes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry in 0.5 M H2SO4 and at 100 mV/s scanning rate. The working potential windows of 5CBD, 20CBD and 40CBD electrodes were 3.35, 2.4 and 1.75 V vs. Ag/AgCl respectively. Anodic oxidation behavior of phenol was studied by cyclic voltammetry on CBD electrodes in aqueous solution of 0.5 M H2SO4, 0.5 M Na2SO4and 0.5 M NaOH containing 500 mg/L phenol at 25 °C. The results indicated that the CBD electrodes were more active at low pH solution. The anodic oxidation of phenol led to the formation of passive adhesive film on CBD electrodes which reduced the peaks until a constant value of oxidation current was obtained. 20CBD electrode was selected to study the degradation of 500 mg/L phenol solution with pH 3 and pH 6 and applied current density of 50 mA/cm2. The removal efficiency was more than 97% at pH 3.