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Principal components analysis of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory associations with measures of personality, cognitive style and analogue symptoms in a student sample

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Principal components analysis of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory associations with measures of personality, cognitive style and analogue symptoms in a student sample. / Dodd, Alyson; Mansell, Warren; Sadhnan, Vaneeta et al.

In: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2010, p. 15-33.

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Dodd A, Mansell W, Sadhnan V, Morrison AP, Tai S. Principal components analysis of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory associations with measures of personality, cognitive style and analogue symptoms in a student sample. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2010;38(1):15-33. doi: 10.1017/S1352465809990476

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@article{abd33778e0e84375aad16ca5b4574aca,
title = "Principal components analysis of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory associations with measures of personality, cognitive style and analogue symptoms in a student sample",
abstract = "An integrative cognitive model proposed that ascribing extreme personal appraisals to changes in internal state is key to the development of the symptoms of bipolar disorder. The Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory (HAPPI) was developed to measure these appraisals. Aims: The aim of the current study was to validate an expanded 61-item version of the HAPPI. Method: In a largely female student sample (N = 134), principal components analysis (PCA) was performed on the HAPPI. Associations between the HAPPI and analogue bipolar symptoms after 3 months were examined. Results: PCA of the HAPPI revealed six categories of belief: Self Activation, Self-and-Other Critical, Catastrophic, Extreme Appraisals of Social Approval, Appraisals of Extreme Agitation, and Loss of Control. The HAPPI predicted all analogue measures of hypomanic symptoms after 3 months when controlling for baseline symptoms. In a more stringent test incorporating other psychological measures, the HAPPI was independently associated only with activation (e.g. thoughts racing) at 3 months. Dependent dysfunctional attitudes predicted greater conflict (e.g. irritability), depression and reduced well-being, hypomanic personality predicted self-reported diagnostic bipolar symptoms, and behavioural dysregulation predicted depression. Conclusions: Extreme beliefs about internal states show a modest independent association with prospective analogue bipolar symptoms, alongside other psychological factors. Further work will be required to improve the factor structure of the HAPPI and study its validity in clinical samples.",
keywords = "Bipolar spectrum; cognitive appraisals; mood swings",
author = "Alyson Dodd and Warren Mansell and Vaneeta Sadhnan and Morrison, {Anthony P.} and Sara Tai",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1017/S1352465809990476",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "15--33",
journal = "Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy",
issn = "1352-4658",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Principal components analysis of the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory associations with measures of personality, cognitive style and analogue symptoms in a student sample

AU - Dodd, Alyson

AU - Mansell, Warren

AU - Sadhnan, Vaneeta

AU - Morrison, Anthony P.

AU - Tai, Sara

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - An integrative cognitive model proposed that ascribing extreme personal appraisals to changes in internal state is key to the development of the symptoms of bipolar disorder. The Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory (HAPPI) was developed to measure these appraisals. Aims: The aim of the current study was to validate an expanded 61-item version of the HAPPI. Method: In a largely female student sample (N = 134), principal components analysis (PCA) was performed on the HAPPI. Associations between the HAPPI and analogue bipolar symptoms after 3 months were examined. Results: PCA of the HAPPI revealed six categories of belief: Self Activation, Self-and-Other Critical, Catastrophic, Extreme Appraisals of Social Approval, Appraisals of Extreme Agitation, and Loss of Control. The HAPPI predicted all analogue measures of hypomanic symptoms after 3 months when controlling for baseline symptoms. In a more stringent test incorporating other psychological measures, the HAPPI was independently associated only with activation (e.g. thoughts racing) at 3 months. Dependent dysfunctional attitudes predicted greater conflict (e.g. irritability), depression and reduced well-being, hypomanic personality predicted self-reported diagnostic bipolar symptoms, and behavioural dysregulation predicted depression. Conclusions: Extreme beliefs about internal states show a modest independent association with prospective analogue bipolar symptoms, alongside other psychological factors. Further work will be required to improve the factor structure of the HAPPI and study its validity in clinical samples.

AB - An integrative cognitive model proposed that ascribing extreme personal appraisals to changes in internal state is key to the development of the symptoms of bipolar disorder. The Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory (HAPPI) was developed to measure these appraisals. Aims: The aim of the current study was to validate an expanded 61-item version of the HAPPI. Method: In a largely female student sample (N = 134), principal components analysis (PCA) was performed on the HAPPI. Associations between the HAPPI and analogue bipolar symptoms after 3 months were examined. Results: PCA of the HAPPI revealed six categories of belief: Self Activation, Self-and-Other Critical, Catastrophic, Extreme Appraisals of Social Approval, Appraisals of Extreme Agitation, and Loss of Control. The HAPPI predicted all analogue measures of hypomanic symptoms after 3 months when controlling for baseline symptoms. In a more stringent test incorporating other psychological measures, the HAPPI was independently associated only with activation (e.g. thoughts racing) at 3 months. Dependent dysfunctional attitudes predicted greater conflict (e.g. irritability), depression and reduced well-being, hypomanic personality predicted self-reported diagnostic bipolar symptoms, and behavioural dysregulation predicted depression. Conclusions: Extreme beliefs about internal states show a modest independent association with prospective analogue bipolar symptoms, alongside other psychological factors. Further work will be required to improve the factor structure of the HAPPI and study its validity in clinical samples.

KW - Bipolar spectrum; cognitive appraisals; mood swings

U2 - 10.1017/S1352465809990476

DO - 10.1017/S1352465809990476

M3 - Journal article

VL - 38

SP - 15

EP - 33

JO - Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

JF - Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy

SN - 1352-4658

IS - 1

ER -