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Privacy-Preserving Wandering Behavior Sensing in Dementia Patients Using Modified Logistic and Dynamic Newton Leipnik Maps

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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  • S.Y. Shah
  • J. Ahmad
  • F. Masood
  • S.Y. Shah
  • H. Pervaiz
  • W. Taylor
  • M.A. Imran
  • Q.H. Abbasi
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/02/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number3
Volume21
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)3669-3679
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date7/09/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The health status of an elderly person can be identified by examining the additive effects of aging along disease linked to it and can lead to the 'unstable incapacity'. This health status is essentially determined by the apparent decline of independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). Detecting ADLs provide possibilities of improving the home life of elderly people as it can be applied to fall detection systems.. This article looks at Radar images to detect large scale body movements. Using a publicly available Radar spectogram dataset, Deep Learning and Machine Learning techniques are used for image classification of Walking, Sitting, Standing, Picking up Object, Drinking Water and Falling Radar spectograms. The Machine Learning algorithm used were Random Forest, K Nearest Neighbours and Support Vector Machine. The Deep Learning algorithms used in this article were Long Short Term Memory, Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory and Convolutional Neural Network. In addition to using Machine Learning and Deep Learning on the spectograms, data processing techniques such as Principal Component Analysis and Data Augmentation is applied to the spectogram images. The work done in this article is divided into 4 experiments. The first experiment applies Machine and Deep Learning to the the Raw images data, the second experiment applies Principal Component Analysis to the Raw image Data, the third experiment applies Data Augmentation to the Raw image data and the fourth and final experiment applies Principal Component Analysis and Data Augmentation to the Raw image data. The results obtained in these experiments found that the best results were obtained using the CNN algorithm with Principal Component Analysis and Data Augmentation together to obtain a result of 95.30 % accuracy. Results also showed how Principal Component Analysis was most beneficial when the training data was expanded by augmentation of the available data.