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Process Optimization of Dual-Laser Beam Welding of Advanced Al-Li Alloys Through Hot Cracking Susceptibility Modeling

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Yingtao Tian
  • Joseph D. Robson
  • Stefan Riekehr
  • Nikolai Kashaev
  • Li Wang
  • Tristan Lowe
  • Alexandra Karanika
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
Issue number7
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)3533-3544
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Laser welding of advanced Al-Li alloys has been developed to meet the increasing demand for light-weight and high-strength aerospace structures. However, welding of high-strength Al-Li alloys can be problematic due to the tendency for hot cracking. Finding suitable welding parameters and filler material for this combination currently requires extensive and costly trial and error experimentation. The present work describes a novel coupled model to predict hot crack susceptibility (HCS) in Al-Li welds. Such a model can be used to shortcut the weld development process. The coupled model combines finite element process simulation with a two-level HCS model. The finite element process model predicts thermal field data for the subsequent HCS hot cracking prediction. The model can be used to predict the influences of filler wire composition and welding parameters on HCS. The modeling results have been validated by comparing predictions with results from fully instrumented laser welds performed under a range of process parameters and analyzed using high-resolution X-ray tomography to identify weld defects. It is shown that the model is capable of accurately predicting the thermal field around the weld and the trend of HCS as a function of process parameters.