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Pyroclastic density currents resulting from the interaction of basaltic magma with hydrothermally altered rock: an example from the 2006 summit eruptions of Mount Etna, Italy

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Pyroclastic density currents resulting from the interaction of basaltic magma with hydrothermally altered rock : an example from the 2006 summit eruptions of Mount Etna, Italy. / Behncke, Boris; Calvari, Sonia; Giammanco, S.; Neri, Marco; Pinkerton, Harry.

In: Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 70, No. 10, 10.2008, p. 1249-1268.

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Behncke, Boris ; Calvari, Sonia ; Giammanco, S. ; Neri, Marco ; Pinkerton, Harry. / Pyroclastic density currents resulting from the interaction of basaltic magma with hydrothermally altered rock : an example from the 2006 summit eruptions of Mount Etna, Italy. In: Bulletin of Volcanology. 2008 ; Vol. 70, No. 10. pp. 1249-1268.

Bibtex

@article{225709d39cf5422f9901d7bcdc977be6,
title = "Pyroclastic density currents resulting from the interaction of basaltic magma with hydrothermally altered rock: an example from the 2006 summit eruptions of Mount Etna, Italy",
abstract = "After 16 months of quiescence, Mount Etna began to erupt again in mid-July 2006. The activity was concentrated at and around the Southeast Crater (SEC), one of the four craters on the summit of Etna, and eruptive activity continued intermittently for 5 months. During this period, numerous vents displayed a wide range of eruptive styles at different times. Virtually all explosive activities took place at vents at the summit of the SEC and on its flanks. Eruptive episodes, which lasted from 1 day to 2 weeks, became shorter and more violent with time. Volcanic activity at these vents was often accompanied by dramatic mass-wasting processes such as collapse of parts of the cone, highly unusual flowage processes involving both old rocks and fresh magmatic material, and magma–water interaction. The most dramatic events took place on 16 November, when numerous rockfalls and pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) were generated during the opening of a large fracture on the SE flank of the SEC cone. The largest PDCs were clearly triggered explosively, and there is evidence that much of the energy was generated during the interaction of intruding magma with wet rocks on the cone{\textquoteright}s flanks. The most mobile PDCs traveled up to 1 km from their source. This previously unknown process on Etna may not be unique on this volcano and is likely to have taken place on other volcanoes. It represents a newly recognized hazard to those who visit and work in the vicinity of the summit of Etna.",
keywords = "Mount Etna , Pyroclastic density currents , Lava–water interaction , Hydrothermal alteration, Hazards , Volcano instability, 2006 eruption",
author = "Boris Behncke and Sonia Calvari and S. Giammanco and Marco Neri and Harry Pinkerton",
year = "2008",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1007/s00445-008-0200-7",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "1249--1268",
journal = "Bulletin of Volcanology",
issn = "0258-8900",
publisher = "Springer-Verlag",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pyroclastic density currents resulting from the interaction of basaltic magma with hydrothermally altered rock

T2 - an example from the 2006 summit eruptions of Mount Etna, Italy

AU - Behncke, Boris

AU - Calvari, Sonia

AU - Giammanco, S.

AU - Neri, Marco

AU - Pinkerton, Harry

PY - 2008/10

Y1 - 2008/10

N2 - After 16 months of quiescence, Mount Etna began to erupt again in mid-July 2006. The activity was concentrated at and around the Southeast Crater (SEC), one of the four craters on the summit of Etna, and eruptive activity continued intermittently for 5 months. During this period, numerous vents displayed a wide range of eruptive styles at different times. Virtually all explosive activities took place at vents at the summit of the SEC and on its flanks. Eruptive episodes, which lasted from 1 day to 2 weeks, became shorter and more violent with time. Volcanic activity at these vents was often accompanied by dramatic mass-wasting processes such as collapse of parts of the cone, highly unusual flowage processes involving both old rocks and fresh magmatic material, and magma–water interaction. The most dramatic events took place on 16 November, when numerous rockfalls and pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) were generated during the opening of a large fracture on the SE flank of the SEC cone. The largest PDCs were clearly triggered explosively, and there is evidence that much of the energy was generated during the interaction of intruding magma with wet rocks on the cone’s flanks. The most mobile PDCs traveled up to 1 km from their source. This previously unknown process on Etna may not be unique on this volcano and is likely to have taken place on other volcanoes. It represents a newly recognized hazard to those who visit and work in the vicinity of the summit of Etna.

AB - After 16 months of quiescence, Mount Etna began to erupt again in mid-July 2006. The activity was concentrated at and around the Southeast Crater (SEC), one of the four craters on the summit of Etna, and eruptive activity continued intermittently for 5 months. During this period, numerous vents displayed a wide range of eruptive styles at different times. Virtually all explosive activities took place at vents at the summit of the SEC and on its flanks. Eruptive episodes, which lasted from 1 day to 2 weeks, became shorter and more violent with time. Volcanic activity at these vents was often accompanied by dramatic mass-wasting processes such as collapse of parts of the cone, highly unusual flowage processes involving both old rocks and fresh magmatic material, and magma–water interaction. The most dramatic events took place on 16 November, when numerous rockfalls and pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) were generated during the opening of a large fracture on the SE flank of the SEC cone. The largest PDCs were clearly triggered explosively, and there is evidence that much of the energy was generated during the interaction of intruding magma with wet rocks on the cone’s flanks. The most mobile PDCs traveled up to 1 km from their source. This previously unknown process on Etna may not be unique on this volcano and is likely to have taken place on other volcanoes. It represents a newly recognized hazard to those who visit and work in the vicinity of the summit of Etna.

KW - Mount Etna

KW - Pyroclastic density currents

KW - Lava–water interaction

KW - Hydrothermal alteration

KW - Hazards

KW - Volcano instability

KW - 2006 eruption

U2 - 10.1007/s00445-008-0200-7

DO - 10.1007/s00445-008-0200-7

M3 - Journal article

VL - 70

SP - 1249

EP - 1268

JO - Bulletin of Volcanology

JF - Bulletin of Volcanology

SN - 0258-8900

IS - 10

ER -