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Quantification of hydrogen trapping in multiphase steels: Part I – Point traps in martensite

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Quantification of hydrogen trapping in multiphase steels : Part I – Point traps in martensite. / Turk, A.; Joshi, G.R.; Gintalas, M.; Callisti, M.; Rivera-Díaz-del-Castillo, P.E.J.; Galindo-Nava, E.I.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 194, 01.08.2020, p. 118-133.

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Turk, A, Joshi, GR, Gintalas, M, Callisti, M, Rivera-Díaz-del-Castillo, PEJ & Galindo-Nava, EI 2020, 'Quantification of hydrogen trapping in multiphase steels: Part I – Point traps in martensite', Acta Materialia, vol. 194, pp. 118-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2020.05.007

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Turk, A. ; Joshi, G.R. ; Gintalas, M. ; Callisti, M. ; Rivera-Díaz-del-Castillo, P.E.J. ; Galindo-Nava, E.I. / Quantification of hydrogen trapping in multiphase steels : Part I – Point traps in martensite. In: Acta Materialia. 2020 ; Vol. 194. pp. 118-133.

Bibtex

@article{3271cd7ee2a24081a855af92024e4025,
title = "Quantification of hydrogen trapping in multiphase steels: Part I – Point traps in martensite",
abstract = "We quantified systematically the H trap density in martensite resulting from the presence of dislocations, grain boundaries and retained austenite through a combination of detailed microstructural characterisation, H permeation, thermal desorption and diffusion modelling. This thorough analysis allowed for the first time to deconvolve key microstructural constituents affecting H diffusion in multi-trap martensite. Three microstructures were investigated – as-quenched, tempered at 300 °C and tempered at 450 °C. The first two microstructures had identical dislocation densities and grain size, while the as-quenched one also contained 3.5 vol.% of retained austenite. The two tempered microstructures showed a large difference in dislocation density with few other microstructural differences. The as-quenched microstructure exhibited over an order of magnitude lower H diffusivity and increased H trapping due to retained austenite, while the tempered samples exhibited very similar diffusivities, indicating that dislocations have a limited effect on H trapping. Trap density scaling laws were successfully identified and validated through diffusion simulations and experiments. It was also shown that in martensite and heavily deformed ferrite, where the average grain size is small, grain boundaries are more effective trapping sites than dislocations. Our results also show that retained austenite cannot be effectively modelled as a point trap under the local equilibrium assumption, which is frequently used to model its effect on H diffusion, and that bulk trapping must be considered at least in two dimensions, which is addressed in part II of this series. {\textcopyright} 2020 Acta Materialia Inc.",
keywords = "Austenite, Dislocation density, Grain boundaries, Hydrogen diffusion, Thermal desorption analysis (TDA), Advanced high strength Steel, Diffusion, Grain size and shape, Hydrogen, Microstructure, As-quenched microstructure, Average grain size, Dislocation densities, Hydrogen trapping, Local equilibrium assumption, Microstructural characterisation, Retained austenite, Tempered microstructure, Martensite",
author = "A. Turk and G.R. Joshi and M. Gintalas and M. Callisti and P.E.J. Rivera-D{\'i}az-del-Castillo and E.I. Galindo-Nava",
year = "2020",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.actamat.2020.05.007",
language = "English",
volume = "194",
pages = "118--133",
journal = "Acta Materialia",
issn = "1359-6454",
publisher = "PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantification of hydrogen trapping in multiphase steels

T2 - Part I – Point traps in martensite

AU - Turk, A.

AU - Joshi, G.R.

AU - Gintalas, M.

AU - Callisti, M.

AU - Rivera-Díaz-del-Castillo, P.E.J.

AU - Galindo-Nava, E.I.

PY - 2020/8/1

Y1 - 2020/8/1

N2 - We quantified systematically the H trap density in martensite resulting from the presence of dislocations, grain boundaries and retained austenite through a combination of detailed microstructural characterisation, H permeation, thermal desorption and diffusion modelling. This thorough analysis allowed for the first time to deconvolve key microstructural constituents affecting H diffusion in multi-trap martensite. Three microstructures were investigated – as-quenched, tempered at 300 °C and tempered at 450 °C. The first two microstructures had identical dislocation densities and grain size, while the as-quenched one also contained 3.5 vol.% of retained austenite. The two tempered microstructures showed a large difference in dislocation density with few other microstructural differences. The as-quenched microstructure exhibited over an order of magnitude lower H diffusivity and increased H trapping due to retained austenite, while the tempered samples exhibited very similar diffusivities, indicating that dislocations have a limited effect on H trapping. Trap density scaling laws were successfully identified and validated through diffusion simulations and experiments. It was also shown that in martensite and heavily deformed ferrite, where the average grain size is small, grain boundaries are more effective trapping sites than dislocations. Our results also show that retained austenite cannot be effectively modelled as a point trap under the local equilibrium assumption, which is frequently used to model its effect on H diffusion, and that bulk trapping must be considered at least in two dimensions, which is addressed in part II of this series. © 2020 Acta Materialia Inc.

AB - We quantified systematically the H trap density in martensite resulting from the presence of dislocations, grain boundaries and retained austenite through a combination of detailed microstructural characterisation, H permeation, thermal desorption and diffusion modelling. This thorough analysis allowed for the first time to deconvolve key microstructural constituents affecting H diffusion in multi-trap martensite. Three microstructures were investigated – as-quenched, tempered at 300 °C and tempered at 450 °C. The first two microstructures had identical dislocation densities and grain size, while the as-quenched one also contained 3.5 vol.% of retained austenite. The two tempered microstructures showed a large difference in dislocation density with few other microstructural differences. The as-quenched microstructure exhibited over an order of magnitude lower H diffusivity and increased H trapping due to retained austenite, while the tempered samples exhibited very similar diffusivities, indicating that dislocations have a limited effect on H trapping. Trap density scaling laws were successfully identified and validated through diffusion simulations and experiments. It was also shown that in martensite and heavily deformed ferrite, where the average grain size is small, grain boundaries are more effective trapping sites than dislocations. Our results also show that retained austenite cannot be effectively modelled as a point trap under the local equilibrium assumption, which is frequently used to model its effect on H diffusion, and that bulk trapping must be considered at least in two dimensions, which is addressed in part II of this series. © 2020 Acta Materialia Inc.

KW - Austenite

KW - Dislocation density

KW - Grain boundaries

KW - Hydrogen diffusion

KW - Thermal desorption analysis (TDA)

KW - Advanced high strength Steel

KW - Diffusion

KW - Grain size and shape

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Microstructure

KW - As-quenched microstructure

KW - Average grain size

KW - Dislocation densities

KW - Hydrogen trapping

KW - Local equilibrium assumption

KW - Microstructural characterisation

KW - Retained austenite

KW - Tempered microstructure

KW - Martensite

U2 - 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.05.007

DO - 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.05.007

M3 - Journal article

VL - 194

SP - 118

EP - 133

JO - Acta Materialia

JF - Acta Materialia

SN - 1359-6454

ER -