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Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s.

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Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s. / Congdon, P.; Campos, R. M.; Curtis, S. E.; Southall, H. R.; Gregory, Ian N.; Jones, I. R.

In: International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.2001, p. 35-51.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Congdon, P, Campos, RM, Curtis, SE, Southall, HR, Gregory, IN & Jones, IR 2001, 'Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s.', International Journal of Population Geography, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 35-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijpg.203

APA

Congdon, P., Campos, R. M., Curtis, S. E., Southall, H. R., Gregory, I. N., & Jones, I. R. (2001). Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s. International Journal of Population Geography, 7(1), 35-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijpg.203

Vancouver

Congdon P, Campos RM, Curtis SE, Southall HR, Gregory IN, Jones IR. Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s. International Journal of Population Geography. 2001 Jan;7(1):35-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijpg.203

Author

Congdon, P. ; Campos, R. M. ; Curtis, S. E. ; Southall, H. R. ; Gregory, Ian N. ; Jones, I. R. / Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s. In: International Journal of Population Geography. 2001 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 35-51.

Bibtex

@article{1a094e3de8e9407a87360c29fe77ae83,
title = "Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s.",
abstract = "This paper considers the changing spatial pattern of infant mortality in England and Wales over the last century for a constant area definition. The analysis proceeds at the level of registration districts as defined in the 1890s, generated using the British Isles Historical Geographical Information System. Infant mortality at this spatial definition is followed over four points in time, the most recent being the early 1990s. Using a variety of inequality measures, the analysis demonstrates a decline in relative small-area differentials in the chances of infant deaths up to 1958, but some resurgence since then. Regression methods are then used to evaluate the effect of available social variables, such as population density and housing conditions. The analysis incorporates adjustments for the sampling variability in what are often small counts of infant deaths by adopting pooling strength techniques. Urban-rural differentiation has followed the same evolution: it was most marked in the 1890s and reappears by the 1990s, after being reduced somewhat in the earliest years of the UK National Health Service. Differentials in infant mortality according to the housing quality and economic status of different registration districts also gain in importance in the twentieth century compared with the 1890s.",
keywords = "geographic inequality, infant mortality, smoothing mortality rates, housing quality, population density",
author = "P. Congdon and Campos, {R. M.} and Curtis, {S. E.} and Southall, {H. R.} and Gregory, {Ian N.} and Jones, {I. R.}",
year = "2001",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1002/ijpg.203",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "35--51",
journal = "International Journal of Population Geography",
issn = "1077-3495",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantifying and explaining changes in geographical inequality of infant mortality in England and Wales since the 1890s.

AU - Congdon, P.

AU - Campos, R. M.

AU - Curtis, S. E.

AU - Southall, H. R.

AU - Gregory, Ian N.

AU - Jones, I. R.

PY - 2001/1

Y1 - 2001/1

N2 - This paper considers the changing spatial pattern of infant mortality in England and Wales over the last century for a constant area definition. The analysis proceeds at the level of registration districts as defined in the 1890s, generated using the British Isles Historical Geographical Information System. Infant mortality at this spatial definition is followed over four points in time, the most recent being the early 1990s. Using a variety of inequality measures, the analysis demonstrates a decline in relative small-area differentials in the chances of infant deaths up to 1958, but some resurgence since then. Regression methods are then used to evaluate the effect of available social variables, such as population density and housing conditions. The analysis incorporates adjustments for the sampling variability in what are often small counts of infant deaths by adopting pooling strength techniques. Urban-rural differentiation has followed the same evolution: it was most marked in the 1890s and reappears by the 1990s, after being reduced somewhat in the earliest years of the UK National Health Service. Differentials in infant mortality according to the housing quality and economic status of different registration districts also gain in importance in the twentieth century compared with the 1890s.

AB - This paper considers the changing spatial pattern of infant mortality in England and Wales over the last century for a constant area definition. The analysis proceeds at the level of registration districts as defined in the 1890s, generated using the British Isles Historical Geographical Information System. Infant mortality at this spatial definition is followed over four points in time, the most recent being the early 1990s. Using a variety of inequality measures, the analysis demonstrates a decline in relative small-area differentials in the chances of infant deaths up to 1958, but some resurgence since then. Regression methods are then used to evaluate the effect of available social variables, such as population density and housing conditions. The analysis incorporates adjustments for the sampling variability in what are often small counts of infant deaths by adopting pooling strength techniques. Urban-rural differentiation has followed the same evolution: it was most marked in the 1890s and reappears by the 1990s, after being reduced somewhat in the earliest years of the UK National Health Service. Differentials in infant mortality according to the housing quality and economic status of different registration districts also gain in importance in the twentieth century compared with the 1890s.

KW - geographic inequality

KW - infant mortality

KW - smoothing mortality rates

KW - housing quality

KW - population density

U2 - 10.1002/ijpg.203

DO - 10.1002/ijpg.203

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 35

EP - 51

JO - International Journal of Population Geography

JF - International Journal of Population Geography

SN - 1077-3495

IS - 1

ER -