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Reactive oxygen species scavenging by catalase is important for female lutzomyia longipalpis fecundity and mortality

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Reactive oxygen species scavenging by catalase is important for female lutzomyia longipalpis fecundity and mortality. / Diaz-Albiter, Hector; Mitford, Roanna; Genta, Fernando A.; Sant'Anna, Mauricio R. V.; Dillon, Rod J.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, No. 3, e17486, 09.03.2011.

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Diaz-Albiter, Hector ; Mitford, Roanna ; Genta, Fernando A. ; Sant'Anna, Mauricio R. V. ; Dillon, Rod J. / Reactive oxygen species scavenging by catalase is important for female lutzomyia longipalpis fecundity and mortality. In: PLoS ONE. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 3.

Bibtex

@article{675f738a05c84138bd28590377cb0809,
title = "Reactive oxygen species scavenging by catalase is important for female lutzomyia longipalpis fecundity and mortality",
abstract = "The phlebotomine sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most important vector of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL), the disseminated and most serious form of the disease in Central and South America. In the natural environment, most female L. longipalpis are thought to survive for less than 10 days and will feed on blood only once or twice during their lifetime. Successful transmission of parasites occurs when a Leishmania-infected female sand fly feeds on a new host. Knowledge of factors affecting sand fly longevity that lead to a reduction in lifespan could result in a decrease in parasite transmission. Catalase has been found to play a major role in survival and fecundity in many insect species. It is a strong antioxidant enzyme that breaks down toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ovarian catalase was found to accumulate in the developing sand fly oocyte from 12 to 48 hours after blood feeding. Catalase expression in ovaries as well as oocyte numbers was found to decrease with age. This reduction was not found in flies when fed on the antioxidant ascorbic acid in the sugar meal, a condition that increased mortality and activation of the prophenoloxidase cascade. RNA interference was used to silence catalase gene expression in female Lu. longipalpis. Depletion of catalase led to a significant increase of mortality and a reduction in the number of developing oocytes produced after blood feeding. These results demonstrate the central role that catalase and ROS play in the longevity and fecundity of phlebotomine sand flies.",
keywords = "PROTEIN OXIDATIVE DAMAGE, DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER, BOOPHILUS-MICROPLUS, SAND FLIES, LIFE-SPAN, VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS, SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE, INORGANIC PEROXIDES, PEROXIREDOXIN GENE, ANOPHELES-GAMBIAE",
author = "Hector Diaz-Albiter and Roanna Mitford and Genta, {Fernando A.} and Sant'Anna, {Mauricio R. V.} and Dillon, {Rod J.}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2011 Diaz-Albiter et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.",
year = "2011",
month = mar,
day = "9",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0017486",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactive oxygen species scavenging by catalase is important for female lutzomyia longipalpis fecundity and mortality

AU - Diaz-Albiter, Hector

AU - Mitford, Roanna

AU - Genta, Fernando A.

AU - Sant'Anna, Mauricio R. V.

AU - Dillon, Rod J.

N1 - © 2011 Diaz-Albiter et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

PY - 2011/3/9

Y1 - 2011/3/9

N2 - The phlebotomine sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most important vector of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL), the disseminated and most serious form of the disease in Central and South America. In the natural environment, most female L. longipalpis are thought to survive for less than 10 days and will feed on blood only once or twice during their lifetime. Successful transmission of parasites occurs when a Leishmania-infected female sand fly feeds on a new host. Knowledge of factors affecting sand fly longevity that lead to a reduction in lifespan could result in a decrease in parasite transmission. Catalase has been found to play a major role in survival and fecundity in many insect species. It is a strong antioxidant enzyme that breaks down toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ovarian catalase was found to accumulate in the developing sand fly oocyte from 12 to 48 hours after blood feeding. Catalase expression in ovaries as well as oocyte numbers was found to decrease with age. This reduction was not found in flies when fed on the antioxidant ascorbic acid in the sugar meal, a condition that increased mortality and activation of the prophenoloxidase cascade. RNA interference was used to silence catalase gene expression in female Lu. longipalpis. Depletion of catalase led to a significant increase of mortality and a reduction in the number of developing oocytes produced after blood feeding. These results demonstrate the central role that catalase and ROS play in the longevity and fecundity of phlebotomine sand flies.

AB - The phlebotomine sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most important vector of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL), the disseminated and most serious form of the disease in Central and South America. In the natural environment, most female L. longipalpis are thought to survive for less than 10 days and will feed on blood only once or twice during their lifetime. Successful transmission of parasites occurs when a Leishmania-infected female sand fly feeds on a new host. Knowledge of factors affecting sand fly longevity that lead to a reduction in lifespan could result in a decrease in parasite transmission. Catalase has been found to play a major role in survival and fecundity in many insect species. It is a strong antioxidant enzyme that breaks down toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ovarian catalase was found to accumulate in the developing sand fly oocyte from 12 to 48 hours after blood feeding. Catalase expression in ovaries as well as oocyte numbers was found to decrease with age. This reduction was not found in flies when fed on the antioxidant ascorbic acid in the sugar meal, a condition that increased mortality and activation of the prophenoloxidase cascade. RNA interference was used to silence catalase gene expression in female Lu. longipalpis. Depletion of catalase led to a significant increase of mortality and a reduction in the number of developing oocytes produced after blood feeding. These results demonstrate the central role that catalase and ROS play in the longevity and fecundity of phlebotomine sand flies.

KW - PROTEIN OXIDATIVE DAMAGE

KW - DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER

KW - BOOPHILUS-MICROPLUS

KW - SAND FLIES

KW - LIFE-SPAN

KW - VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS

KW - SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE

KW - INORGANIC PEROXIDES

KW - PEROXIREDOXIN GENE

KW - ANOPHELES-GAMBIAE

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0017486

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0017486

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 3

M1 - e17486

ER -