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Reactive Oxygen Species-mediated Immunity against Leishmania mexicana and Serratia marcescens in the Phlebotomine Sand Fly Lutzomyia longipalpis

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Reactive Oxygen Species-mediated Immunity against Leishmania mexicana and Serratia marcescens in the Phlebotomine Sand Fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. / Diaz-Albiter, Hector; Sant'anna, Mauricio R V; Genta, Fernando A; Dillon, Rod J.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 287, No. 28, 2012, p. 23995-24003.

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Diaz-Albiter, Hector ; Sant'anna, Mauricio R V ; Genta, Fernando A ; Dillon, Rod J. / Reactive Oxygen Species-mediated Immunity against Leishmania mexicana and Serratia marcescens in the Phlebotomine Sand Fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2012 ; Vol. 287, No. 28. pp. 23995-24003.

Bibtex

@article{13d28683a0f244e4983c3ac86af8a910,
title = "Reactive Oxygen Species-mediated Immunity against Leishmania mexicana and Serratia marcescens in the Phlebotomine Sand Fly Lutzomyia longipalpis",
abstract = "Phlebotomine sand flies are the vectors of medically important Leishmania. The Leishmania protozoa reside in the sand fly gut, but the nature of the immune response to the presence of Leishmania is unknown. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a major component of insect innate immune pathways regulating gut-microbe homeostasis. Here we show that the concentration of ROS increased in sand fly midguts after they fed on the insect pathogen Serratia marcescens but not after feeding on the Leishmania that uses the sand fly as a vector. Moreover, the Leishmania is sensitive to ROS either by oral administration of ROS to the infected fly or by silencing a gene that expresses a sand fly ROS-scavenging enzyme. Finally, the treatment of sand flies with an exogenous ROS scavenger (uric acid) altered the gut microbial homeostasis, led to an increased commensal gut microbiota, and reduced insect survival after oral infection with S. marcescens. Our study demonstrates a differential response of the sand fly ROS system to gut microbiota, an insect pathogen, and the Leishmania that utilize the sand fly as a vehicle for transmission between mammalian hosts.",
keywords = "Innate Immunity , Insect immunity , Leishmania, Parasitology , Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) , Lutzomyia , Sand Fly",
author = "Hector Diaz-Albiter and Sant'anna, {Mauricio R V} and Genta, {Fernando A} and Dillon, {Rod J}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M112.376095",
language = "English",
volume = "287",
pages = "23995--24003",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "28",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactive Oxygen Species-mediated Immunity against Leishmania mexicana and Serratia marcescens in the Phlebotomine Sand Fly Lutzomyia longipalpis

AU - Diaz-Albiter, Hector

AU - Sant'anna, Mauricio R V

AU - Genta, Fernando A

AU - Dillon, Rod J

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Phlebotomine sand flies are the vectors of medically important Leishmania. The Leishmania protozoa reside in the sand fly gut, but the nature of the immune response to the presence of Leishmania is unknown. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a major component of insect innate immune pathways regulating gut-microbe homeostasis. Here we show that the concentration of ROS increased in sand fly midguts after they fed on the insect pathogen Serratia marcescens but not after feeding on the Leishmania that uses the sand fly as a vector. Moreover, the Leishmania is sensitive to ROS either by oral administration of ROS to the infected fly or by silencing a gene that expresses a sand fly ROS-scavenging enzyme. Finally, the treatment of sand flies with an exogenous ROS scavenger (uric acid) altered the gut microbial homeostasis, led to an increased commensal gut microbiota, and reduced insect survival after oral infection with S. marcescens. Our study demonstrates a differential response of the sand fly ROS system to gut microbiota, an insect pathogen, and the Leishmania that utilize the sand fly as a vehicle for transmission between mammalian hosts.

AB - Phlebotomine sand flies are the vectors of medically important Leishmania. The Leishmania protozoa reside in the sand fly gut, but the nature of the immune response to the presence of Leishmania is unknown. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a major component of insect innate immune pathways regulating gut-microbe homeostasis. Here we show that the concentration of ROS increased in sand fly midguts after they fed on the insect pathogen Serratia marcescens but not after feeding on the Leishmania that uses the sand fly as a vector. Moreover, the Leishmania is sensitive to ROS either by oral administration of ROS to the infected fly or by silencing a gene that expresses a sand fly ROS-scavenging enzyme. Finally, the treatment of sand flies with an exogenous ROS scavenger (uric acid) altered the gut microbial homeostasis, led to an increased commensal gut microbiota, and reduced insect survival after oral infection with S. marcescens. Our study demonstrates a differential response of the sand fly ROS system to gut microbiota, an insect pathogen, and the Leishmania that utilize the sand fly as a vehicle for transmission between mammalian hosts.

KW - Innate Immunity

KW - Insect immunity

KW - Leishmania

KW - Parasitology

KW - Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)

KW - Lutzomyia

KW - Sand Fly

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863633390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M112.376095

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M112.376095

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22645126

VL - 287

SP - 23995

EP - 24003

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 28

ER -