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Real-Time Spatiotemporal Spectral Unmixing of MODIS Images

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2/09/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Number of pages16
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date2/09/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Mixed pixels are a ubiquitous problem in remote sensing images. Spectral unmixing has been used widely for mixed pixel analysis. However, up to now, most spectral unmixing methods require endmembers and cannot consider fully intraclass spectral variation. The recently proposed spatiotemporal spectral unmixing (STSU) method copes with the aforementioned problems through exploitation of the available temporal information. However, this method requires coarse-to-fine spatial image pairs both before and after the prediction time and is, thus, not suitable for important real-time applications (i.e., where the fine spatial resolution data after the prediction time are unknown). In this article, we proposed a real-time STSU (RSTSU) method for real-time monitoring. RSTSU requires only a single coarse-to-fine spatial resolution image pair before, and temporally closest to, the prediction time, coupled with the coarse image at the prediction time, to extract samples automatically to train a learning model. By fully incorporating the multiscale spatiotemporal information, the RSTSU method inherits the key advantages of STSU; it does not need endmembers and can account for intraclass spectral variation. More importantly, RSTSU is suitable for real-time analysis and, thus, facilitates the timely monitoring of land cover changes. The effectiveness of the method was validated by experiments on four Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) datasets. RSTSU utilizes and enriches the theory underpinning the advanced STSU method and enhances greatly the applicability of spectral unmixing for time-series data.